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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 1–317 | Cite as

Families of Sordariomycetes

  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
  • Kevin D. Hyde
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
  • E. H. C. McKenzie
  • Jayarama D. Bhat
  • Monika C. Dayarathne
  • Shi-Ke Huang
  • Chada Norphanphoun
  • Indunil C. Senanayake
  • Rekhani H. Perera
  • Qiu-Ju Shang
  • Yuanpin Xiao
  • Melvina J. D’souza
  • Sinang Hongsanan
  • Ruvishika S. Jayawardena
  • Dinushani A. Daranagama
  • Sirinapa Konta
  • Ishani D. Goonasekara
  • Wen-Ying Zhuang
  • Rajesh Jeewon
  • Alan J. L. Phillips
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab
  • Abdullah M. Al-Sadi
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • Saranyaphat Boonmee
  • Nattawut Boonyuen
  • Ratchadawan Cheewangkoon
  • Asha J. Dissanayake
  • Jichuan Kang
  • Qi-Rui Li
  • Jian Kui Liu
  • Xing Zhong Liu
  • Zuo-Yi Liu
  • J. Jennifer Luangsa-ard
  • Ka-Lai Pang
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
  • Itthayakorn Promputtha
  • Satinee Suetrong
  • Marc Stadler
  • Tingchi Wen
  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
Article

Abstract

Sordariomycetes is one of the largest classes of Ascomycota that comprises a highly diverse range of fungi characterized mainly by perithecial ascomata and inoperculate unitunicate asci. The class includes many important plant pathogens, as well as endophytes, saprobes, epiphytes, coprophilous and fungicolous, lichenized or lichenicolous taxa. They occur in terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats worldwide. This paper reviews the 107 families of the class Sordariomycetes and provides a modified backbone tree based on phylogenetic analysis of four combined loci, with a maximum five representative taxa from each family, where available. This paper brings together for the first time, since Barrs’ 1990 Prodromus, descriptions, notes on the history, and plates or illustrations of type or representative taxa of each family, a list of accepted genera, including asexual genera and a key to these taxa of Sordariomycetes. Delineation of taxa is supported where possible by molecular data. The outline is based on literature to the end of 2015 and the Sordariomycetes now comprises six subclasses, 32 orders, 105 families and 1331 genera. The family Obryzaceae and Pleurotremataceae are excluded from the class.

Keywords

Amplistromatales Annulatascales Boliniales Calosphaeriales Chaetosphaeriales Coniochaetales Conioscyphales Cordanales Coronophorales Diaporthales Falcocladiales Glomerellales Hypocreales Jobellisiales Koralionastetales Lulworthiales Magnaporthales Melanosporales Meliolales Microascales Ophiostomatales Phylogeny Phyllachorales Pisorisporiales Pleurotheciales Sordariales Savoryellales Tirisporellales Togniniales Torpedosporales Trichosphaeriales Taxonomy Trichosphaeriales Type species Xylariales 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the International Research Group Program (IRG-14-27), Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. The curators of the herbarium ANM, AR, B, BBH, BCC, BISH, BP, BPI, BR, BRIP, CBS, DAOM, FH, G, GZU, GZU, H, HAL, HHUF, HKU (M), IFRD, ILLS, IMI, K, L, LPS, MFU, NY, P, PC, PREM, S, TRTC, UBC, UC, UCR, UPS, URM, URM and W are thanked for loaning herbarium specimens and for being very helpful in locating specimens. Without their help this work would not have been possible. The abbreviations of herbarium are those listed in Index Herbariorum (2015). We also thank the curator of MFLU for arranging the loan of specimens from various herbaria. The authors would like to thank the featured microbial resources and diversity investigation in Southwest Karst area (2014FY120100). This research was also financially supported by The Biodiversity and Training Program (BRT R_251006, BRT R_351004, BRT_R352015) and National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC) Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand. Shi-Ke Huang’ s work was funded by the grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, No. 30870009 & 31460011), the International Collaboration Plan of Guizhou Province (No. G [2012] 7006). Ka-Lai Pang thanks the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (grant no. 101–2621-B-019–001-MY3) for financial support. We are also grateful to Bita Asgari and Rasoul Zare, for images of Coniocessia spp., and Ruvini Nanayakkara, Hiran Ariyawansa, Dhanushka Nadeeshan, Asanka Bandara, Kasun Thambugala, Mingkwan Doilom and Wen-Jing Li for providing assistance and valuable suggestions.

Supplementary material

13225_2016_369_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (66 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (XLSX 66 kb)

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Copyright information

© School of Science 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 2
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
    • 4
  • E. H. C. McKenzie
    • 5
  • Jayarama D. Bhat
    • 6
    • 7
  • Monika C. Dayarathne
    • 2
  • Shi-Ke Huang
    • 2
    • 8
  • Chada Norphanphoun
    • 2
  • Indunil C. Senanayake
    • 2
  • Rekhani H. Perera
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qiu-Ju Shang
    • 2
  • Yuanpin Xiao
    • 2
    • 8
  • Melvina J. D’souza
    • 2
  • Sinang Hongsanan
    • 2
  • Ruvishika S. Jayawardena
    • 2
    • 9
  • Dinushani A. Daranagama
    • 2
    • 10
  • Sirinapa Konta
    • 2
  • Ishani D. Goonasekara
    • 2
  • Wen-Ying Zhuang
    • 10
  • Rajesh Jeewon
    • 11
  • Alan J. L. Phillips
    • 12
  • Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab
    • 4
    • 13
  • Abdullah M. Al-Sadi
    • 3
  • Ali H. Bahkali
    • 4
  • Saranyaphat Boonmee
    • 2
  • Nattawut Boonyuen
    • 14
  • Ratchadawan Cheewangkoon
    • 15
  • Asha J. Dissanayake
    • 2
    • 9
  • Jichuan Kang
    • 8
  • Qi-Rui Li
    • 8
    • 16
  • Jian Kui Liu
    • 1
  • Xing Zhong Liu
    • 10
  • Zuo-Yi Liu
    • 1
  • J. Jennifer Luangsa-ard
    • 17
  • Ka-Lai Pang
    • 18
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
    • 2
  • Itthayakorn Promputtha
    • 19
  • Satinee Suetrong
    • 14
  • Marc Stadler
    • 20
    • 21
  • Tingchi Wen
    • 8
  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
    • 2
  1. 1.Guizhou Key Laboratory of Agricultural BiotechnologyGuizhou Academy of Agricultural SciencesGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, and School of ScienceMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  3. 3.Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityAl-KhodOman
  4. 4.Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  5. 5.Manaaki Whenua Landcare ResearchAucklandNew Zealand
  6. 6.GoaIndia
  7. 7.Department of BotanyGoa UniversityGoaIndia
  8. 8.Engineering Research Center of Southwest Bio-Pharmaceutical Resources, Ministry of EducationGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  9. 9.Institute of Plant and Environment ProtectionBeijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry SciencesBeijingChina
  10. 10.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  11. 11.Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MauritiusReduitMauritius
  12. 12.Faculty of Sciences, Biosystems and Integrative Sciences Institute (BioISI)University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  13. 13.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceSohag UniversitySohagEgypt
  14. 14.Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory, BIOTEC, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)Amphoe Khlong LuangThailand
  15. 15.Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of AgricultureChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  16. 16.Department of PharmacyGuiyang Medical UniversityGuiyangChina
  17. 17.Microbe Interaction Laboratory, BIOTEC, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)Amphoe Khlong LuangThailand
  18. 18.Institute of Marine Biology and Center of Excellence for the OceansNational Taiwan Ocean UniversityKeelungRepublic of China
  19. 19.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  20. 20.Department Microbial DrugsHelmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung GmbHBraunschweigGermany
  21. 21.German Centre for Infection Research (DZIF), Partner Site Hannover-BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany

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