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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 1–55 | Cite as

Naming and outline of Dothideomycetes–2014 including proposals for the protection or suppression of generic names

  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
  • Pedro W. Crous
  • Paul M. Kirk
  • David L. Hawksworth
  • Saranyaphat Boonmee
  • Uwe Braun
  • Dong-Qin Dai
  • Melvina J. D’souza
  • Paul Diederich
  • Asha Dissanayake
  • Mingkhuan Doilom
  • Singang Hongsanan
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
  • Johannes Z. Groenewald
  • Ruvishika Jayawardena
  • James D. Lawrey
  • Jian-Kui Liu
  • Robert Lücking
  • Hugo Madrid
  • Dimuthu S. Manamgoda
  • Lucia Muggia
  • Matthew P. Nelsen
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
  • Satinee Suetrong
  • Kazuaki Tanaka
  • Kasun M. Thambugala
  • Dhanushka N. Wanasinghe
  • Saowanee Wikee
  • Ying Zhang
  • André Aptroot
  • H. A. Ariyawansa
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • D. Jayarama Bhat
  • Cécile Gueidan
  • Putarak Chomnunti
  • G. Sybren De Hoog
  • Kerry Knudsen
  • Wen-Jing Li
  • Eric H. C. McKenzie
  • Andrew N. Miller
  • Alan J. L. Phillips
  • Marcin Piątek
  • Huzefa A. Raja
  • Roger S. Shivas
  • Bernad Slippers
  • Joanne E. Taylor
  • Qing Tian
  • Yong Wang
  • Joyce H. C. Woudenberg
  • Lei Cai
  • Walter M. Jaklitsch
  • Kevin D. HydeEmail author
Review

Abstract

Article 59.1, of the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (ICN; Melbourne Code), which addresses the nomenclature of pleomorphic fungi, became effective from 30 July 2011. Since that date, each fungal species can have one nomenclaturally correct name in a particular classification. All other previously used names for this species will be considered as synonyms. The older generic epithet takes priority over the younger name. Any widely used younger names proposed for use, must comply with Art. 57.2 and their usage should be approved by the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi (NCF). In this paper, we list all genera currently accepted by us in Dothideomycetes (belonging to 23 orders and 110 families), including pleomorphic and non-pleomorphic genera. In the case of pleomorphic genera, we follow the rulings of the current ICN and propose single generic names for future usage. The taxonomic placements of 1261 genera are listed as an outline. Protected names and suppressed names for 34 pleomorphic genera are listed separately. Notes and justifications are provided for possible proposed names after the list of genera. Notes are also provided on recent advances in our understanding of asexual and sexual morph linkages in Dothideomycetes. A phylogenetic tree based on four gene analyses supported 23 orders and 75 families, while 35 families still lack molecular data.

Keywords

Article 59.1 Ascomycota One name Phylogeny Pleomorphism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Humidtropics, a CGIAR Research Program that aims to develop new opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainable environment, for partially funding this work. Plant Germplasm and Genomics Center in Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany is appreciated for the help of molecule work. Nalin N. Wijayawardene is indebted to the Mushroom Research Foundation (MRF), Chiang Rai Province, Thailand for providing Postgraduate Scholarship. Kevin D. Hyde thanks the Chinese Academy of Sciences, project number 2013T2S0030, for the award of Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists at Kunming Institute of Botany. K.D. Hyde acknowledges a research grant from the Biodiversity Research and Training Program (BRT R253012) and The Thailand Research Fund (BRG 5280002). Yong Wang would like to thank The International Scientific Cooperated Project of Guizhou Province (No[2013] 7004). This contribution was prepared while D.L. Hawksworth was in receipt of funding from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación project CGL2011-25003.

Supplementary material

13225_2014_309_MOESM1_ESM.doc (628 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 628 kb)

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© School of Science 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalin N. Wijayawardene
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pedro W. Crous
    • 6
    • 7
  • Paul M. Kirk
    • 8
    • 9
  • David L. Hawksworth
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  • Saranyaphat Boonmee
    • 3
    • 4
  • Uwe Braun
    • 13
  • Dong-Qin Dai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Melvina J. D’souza
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paul Diederich
    • 14
  • Asha Dissanayake
    • 3
    • 4
    • 15
  • Mingkhuan Doilom
    • 3
    • 4
  • Singang Hongsanan
    • 3
    • 4
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
    • 16
  • Johannes Z. Groenewald
    • 7
  • Ruvishika Jayawardena
    • 3
    • 4
    • 15
  • James D. Lawrey
    • 17
  • Jian-Kui Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Robert Lücking
    • 18
  • Hugo Madrid
    • 7
    • 12
  • Dimuthu S. Manamgoda
    • 3
    • 4
  • Lucia Muggia
    • 19
    • 20
  • Matthew P. Nelsen
    • 18
    • 21
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Satinee Suetrong
    • 22
  • Kazuaki Tanaka
    • 23
  • Kasun M. Thambugala
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dhanushka N. Wanasinghe
    • 3
    • 4
  • Saowanee Wikee
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ying Zhang
    • 24
  • André Aptroot
    • 25
  • H. A. Ariyawansa
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ali H. Bahkali
    • 26
  • D. Jayarama Bhat
    • 3
    • 4
    • 27
  • Cécile Gueidan
    • 10
  • Putarak Chomnunti
    • 3
    • 4
  • G. Sybren De Hoog
    • 7
  • Kerry Knudsen
    • 28
  • Wen-Jing Li
    • 3
    • 4
  • Eric H. C. McKenzie
    • 29
  • Andrew N. Miller
    • 30
  • Alan J. L. Phillips
    • 31
  • Marcin Piątek
    • 34
  • Huzefa A. Raja
    • 32
  • Roger S. Shivas
    • 36
  • Bernad Slippers
    • 35
  • Joanne E. Taylor
    • 33
  • Qing Tian
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yong Wang
    • 5
  • Joyce H. C. Woudenberg
    • 7
  • Lei Cai
    • 37
  • Walter M. Jaklitsch
    • 38
    • 39
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East AsiaKunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of ScienceKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.World Agroforestry CentreEast and Central AsiaKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Excellence in Fungal ResearchChiang RaiThailand
  4. 4.School of ScienceMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  5. 5.Department of Plant Pathology, Agriculture CollegeGuizhou UniversityGuiyangPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI)University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  7. 7.CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreUtrechtThe Netherlands
  8. 8.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  9. 9.Mycology SectionRoyal Botanic GardensSurreyUK
  10. 10.Department of Life SciencesThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK
  11. 11.Departamento de Biología Vegetal II, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  12. 12.Center for Genomics and Bioinformatics and Medicine FacultyMayor UniversitySantiagoChile
  13. 13.Institut Für BiologieMartin-Luther-UniversitätHalle (Saale)Germany
  14. 14.Musée National d’histoire NaturelleLuxembourgLuxembourg
  15. 15.Institute of Plant and Environment ProtectionBeijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  16. 16.Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  17. 17.Department of Environmental Science and PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  18. 18.Science and Education, Integrative Research (Botany)The Field MuseumChicagoUSA
  19. 19.Institute of Plant SciencesUniversity of GrazGrazAustria
  20. 20.Department of Life ScienceUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly
  21. 21.Committee on Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  22. 22.Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory (BFBD)National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)Khlong LuangThailand
  23. 23.Faculty of Agriculture and Life ScienceHirosaki UniversityHirosakiJapan
  24. 24.Institute of MicrobiologyBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  25. 25.ABL HerbariumSoestThe Netherlands
  26. 26.College of Science, Botany and Microbiology DepartmentKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  27. 27.Goa VelhaIndia
  28. 28.Department of Ecology, Faculty of Environmental SciencesCzech University of Life SciencesPraha 6—SuchdolCzech Republic
  29. 29.Manaaki Whenua Landcare ResearchAucklandNew Zealand
  30. 30.Illinois Natural History SurveyUniversity of IllinoisChampaignUSA
  31. 31.Centro de Recursos Microbiológicos, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  32. 32.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 457 Sullivan Science BuildingUniversity of North CarolinaGreensboroUSA
  33. 33.Royal Botanic Garden EdinburghEdinburghUK
  34. 34.Department of Mycology, W. Szafer Institute of BotanyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland
  35. 35.Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology InstituteUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  36. 36.Plant Pathology Herbarium, Department of AgricultureFisheries and ForestryQueenslandAustralia
  37. 37.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  38. 38.Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, Faculty of Life SciencesUniversity of ViennaWienAustria
  39. 39.Institute of Forest Entomology, Forest Pathology and Forest Protection, Department of Forest- and Soil SciencesUniversity of Natural Resources and Life SciencesWienAustria

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