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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 201–214 | Cite as

Diversity of Botryosphaeriaceae species associated with grapevine and other woody hosts in Italy, Algeria and Tunisia, with descriptions of Lasiodiplodia exigua and Lasiodiplodia mediterranea sp. nov

  • B. T. LinaldedduEmail author
  • A. Deidda
  • B. Scanu
  • A. Franceschini
  • S. Serra
  • A. Berraf-Tebbal
  • M. Zouaoui Boutiti
  • M. L. Ben Jamâa
  • A. J. L. Phillips
Article

Abstract

The diversity of Botryosphaeriaceae species associated with “Botryosphaeria dieback” of grapevine was investigated in 18 vineyards in Sardinia, Italy. Lasiodiplodia isolates obtained from different woody hosts including holm oak, sweet orange and broom bush in Italy, Algeria and Tunisia were also characterized. Morphological and cultural characteristics as well as ITS and EF1-α sequence data were used to identify the fungal isolates. Forty-eight botryosphaeriaceous isolates were obtained from 113 symptomatic grapevine samples, from which ten species were identified. Diplodia seriata was the dominant species (25 % of isolates), followed by Neofusicoccum parvum (21.7 %). Two species, Diplodia olivarum and D. africana are reported for the first time on grapevine. In addition, two new species namely Lasiodiplodia mediterranea sp. nov. from grapevine, holm oak and sweet orange and Lasiodiplodia exigua sp. nov. from broom bush are described. In artificial inoculation experiments conducted on excised green grapevine shoots and lignified canes as well as holm oak seedlings, L. mediterranea was shown to be an aggressive pathogen.

Keywords

Citrus × sinensis Diplodia Lasiodiplodia Neofusicoccum Quercus ilex Retama raetam 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Antonio Deidda and Bruno Scanu gratefully acknowledge Sardinia Regional Government for the financial support of the PhD scholarship and research grant, respectively (P.O.R. Sardegna F.S.E. Operational Programme of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia, European Social Fund 2007–2013 - Axis IV Human Resources, Objective l.3, Line of Activity l.3.1.).

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Copyright information

© School of Science 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. T. Linaldeddu
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Deidda
    • 1
  • B. Scanu
    • 1
  • A. Franceschini
    • 1
  • S. Serra
    • 1
  • A. Berraf-Tebbal
    • 2
  • M. Zouaoui Boutiti
    • 3
  • M. L. Ben Jamâa
    • 3
  • A. J. L. Phillips
    • 4
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Agraria, Sezione di Patologia vegetale ed EntomologiaUniversità degli Studi di SassariSassariItaly
  2. 2.Département des Biotechnologies, Faculté des Sciences de la Vie et de la TerreUniversité Saad DahlebBlidaAlgeria
  3. 3.INRGREF, Laboratoire de Gestion et de Valorisation des Ressources ForestièresArianaTunisia
  4. 4.Centro de Recursos Microbiológicos, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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