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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 89–105 | Cite as

Species of the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides complex associated with anthracnose diseases of Proteaceae

  • Fang Liu
  • Ulrike Damm
  • Lei Cai
  • Pedro W. Crous
Article

Abstract

Anthracnose disease of Proteaceae has in the past chiefly been attributed to infections by C. acutatum, C. boninense and C. gloeosporioides. In the present study, a multi-locus phylogenetic analysis (ACT, CAL, CHS-1, GAPDH, GS, ITS, TUB2) revealed that strains of the C. gloeosporioides complex associated with Proteaceae belong to at least six species. These include C. alienum, C. aotearoa, C. kahawae (subsp. ciggaro), C. siamense, and two new taxa, C. proteae and C. grevilleae. The most economically important pathogen of Proteaceae seems to be C. alienum, and not C. gloeosporioides as previously reported. All taxa associated with Proteaceae are morphologically described on different media in culture, except strains of C. siamense, which proved to be sterile. Furthermore, C. populi is synonymised with C. aenigma.

Keywords

Ascomycota Colletotrichum Morphology Phylogeny Systematics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the curators of the CBS culture collection for kindly supplying isolates for this study. We are also very grateful to Dr. Roger G. Shivas who gave valuable suggestions to our work on Colletotrichum taxonomy, during his academic visit to China (funded by NSFC 31110103906). This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 31070020) and the External Cooperation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (GJHZ1310). This research was also supported by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality through an endowment of the FES programme “Versterking infrastructuur Plantgezondheid”.

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Copyright information

© Mushroom Research Foundation 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fang Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ulrike Damm
    • 3
  • Lei Cai
    • 1
  • Pedro W. Crous
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Biology, MicrobiologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Laboratory of PhytopathologyWageningen University and Research Centre (WUR)WageningenThe Netherlands

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