Fungal Diversity

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 281–298 | Cite as

Molecular evidence for novel Cantharellus (Cantharellales, Basidiomycota) from tropical African miombo woodland and a key to all tropical African chanterelles

  • Bart Buyck
  • Frank Kauff
  • Corinne Cruaud
  • Valérie Hofstetter
Article

Abstract

The authors present a combined morphological and molecular approach of the genus Cantharellus in Africa. Morphological descriptions and detailed illustrations are provided for five new species from the Zambezian savannah woodlands in tropical Africa: C. afrocibarius, C. gracilis, C. humidicolus, C. miomboensis and C. tanzanicus. A maximum likelihood analysis of tef-1 sequences obtained for 83 collections of Cantharellus that are representative of all major groups in world wide Cantharellus, places a total of 13 African chanterelles, including the five newly described taxa. The recognition of a separate genus Afrocantharellus is rejected. An identification key based on the re-examination of all existing type material is provided for all presently known African Cantharellus.

Keywords

Afrocantharellus Biodiversity Guineocongolian rain forest Identification key Phylogeny Tanzania Zambezian woodlands 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the staff members of AMU in Dar-es-Salaam for logistic support and field assistance, and to L. Mwasumbi and F.M. Mbago for their botanical expertise. The field work in Tanzania was financed by SIDA/SAREC under the «Propagation and phytochemical studies of endangered or economically important plants and fungi of Tanzania » project. The sequencing for this study was performed by C. Cruaud at the Genoscope or “Consortium National de Recherche en Génomique” near Paris (France) as part of the agreement n°2005/67 on the project “Macrophylogeny of life” between the Genoscope and the “service de systématique moléculaire” (CNRS IFR 101) of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle and receives continuing support from the ATM-project “Barcode of life” (Dirs. L. Legall and S. Samadi).

Supplementary material

13225_2012_215_MOESM1_ESM.nex (95 kb)
ESM 1 (NEX 95 kb)

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Copyright information

© Mushroom Research Foundation 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bart Buyck
    • 1
  • Frank Kauff
    • 2
  • Corinne Cruaud
    • 3
  • Valérie Hofstetter
    • 4
  1. 1.Département Systématique et évolution, UMR7205Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParisFrance
  2. 2.Fachbereich Biologie, Abt. Molekulare PhylogenetikTechnische Universität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  3. 3.Centre national de séquençageGenoscopeEvry cedexFrance
  4. 4.Department of plant protectionAgroscope Changins-Wädenswil Research Station ACWNyonSwitzerland

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