Fungal Diversity

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 43–61 | Cite as

Phyllosticta—an overview of current status of species recognition

  • Saowanee Wikee
  • Dhanushka Udayanga
  • Pedro W. Crous
  • Ekachai Chukeatirote
  • Eric H. C. McKenzie
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • DongQin Dai
  • Kevin D. Hyde


Phyllosticta is an important coelomycetous plant pathogenic genus known to cause leaf spots and various fruit diseases worldwide on a large range of hosts. Species recognition in Phyllosticta has historically been based on morphology, culture characters and host association. Although there have been several taxonomic revisions and enumerations of species, there is still considerable confusion when identifying taxa. Recent studies based on molecular data have resolved some cryptic species and some novel taxa have been discovered. However, compared to the wide species diversity and taxonomic records, there is a lack of molecular studies to resolve current names in the genus. A phylogenetic tree is here generated by combined gene analysis (ITS, partial actin and partial elongation factor 1α) using a selected set of taxa including type-derived sequences available in GenBank. Life modes, modal lifecycle and applications of the genus in biocontrol and metabolite production are also discussed. We present a selected set of taxa as an example of resolved and newly described species in the genus and these are annotated with host range, distribution, disease symptoms and notes of additional information with comments where future work is needed.


Biocontrol Endophyte Guignardia Leaf spot Morphology Molecular phylogeny Secondary metabolites 



We acknowledge The Royal Golden Ph.D. Jubilee Program grant No. Ph.D./0198/2552 in 2.B.M.F./52/A.1.N.XX for the first author to carry out a PhD on the taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Phyllosticta. Dhanushka Udayanga thanks Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing and Mushroom Research Foundation, Thailand for a postgraduate scholarship. The National Research Council of Thailand awarded grant No 54201020004 to study the genus Phyllosticta in Thailand. The Global Research Network for Fungal Biology and King Saud University are also thanked for support.


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Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saowanee Wikee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dhanushka Udayanga
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Pedro W. Crous
    • 3
  • Ekachai Chukeatirote
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric H. C. McKenzie
    • 4
  • Ali H. Bahkali
    • 6
  • DongQin Dai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Excellence in Fungal ResearchMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  2. 2.School of Science, Mae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  3. 3.CBS−KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Landcare ResearchAucklandNew Zealand
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.College of Science, Botany and Microbiology DepartmentKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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