Fungal Diversity

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 249–277 | Cite as

A molecular, morphological and ecological re-appraisal of Venturiales―a new order of Dothideomycetes

  • Ying Zhang
  • Pedro W. Crous
  • Conrad L. Schoch
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • Liang Dong Guo
  • Kevin D. Hyde
Article

Abstract

The Venturiaceae was traditionally assigned to Pleosporales although its diagnostic characters readily distinguish it from other pleosporalean families. These include a parasitic or saprobic lifestyle, occurring on leaves or stems of dicotyledons; small to medium-sized ascomata, often with setae; deliquescing pseudoparaphyses; 8-spored, broadly cylindrical to obclavate asci; 1-septate, yellowish, greenish or pale brown to brown ascospores; and hyphomycetous anamorphs. Phylogenetically, core genera of Venturiaceae form a monophyletic clade within Dothideomycetes, and represent a separate sister lineage from current orders, thus a new order—Venturiales is introduced. A new family, Sympoventuriaceae, is introduced to accommodate taxa of a well-supported subclade within Venturiales, which contains Sympoventuria, Veronaeopsis simplex and Fusicladium-like species. Based on morphology and DNA sequence analysis, eight genera are included in Venturiaceae, viz. Acantharia, Apiosporina (including Dibotryon), Caproventuria, Coleroa, Pseudoparodiella, Metacoleroa, Tyrannosorus and Venturia. Molecular phylogenetic information is lacking for seven genera previously included in Venturiales, namely Arkoola, Atopospora, Botryostroma, Lasiobotrys, Trichodothella, Trichodothis and Rhizogenee and these are discussed, but their inclusion in Venturiaceae is doubtful. Crotone, Gibbera, Lineostroma, Phaeocryptopus, Phragmogibbera, Platychora, Polyrhizon, Rosenscheldiella, Uleodothis and Xenomeris are excluded from Venturiales, and their ordinal placement needs further investigation. Zeuctomorpha is treated as a synonym of Acantharia.

Keywords

Fusicladium Generic type Sympoventuriaceae Taxonomy Venturiaceae 

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Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde (outside the USA) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Zhang
    • 1
    • 7
  • Pedro W. Crous
    • 2
    • 8
    • 9
  • Conrad L. Schoch
    • 3
  • Ali H. Bahkali
    • 4
  • Liang Dong Guo
    • 5
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 4
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Mushroom Research FoundationChiang MaiThailand
  2. 2.CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity CentreUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  4. 4.Botany and Microbiology DepartmentCollege of Science, King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.International Fungal Research & Development Centre, The Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, KunmingYunnanPeople’s Republic of China
  7. 7.Institute of Excellence in Fungal ResearchSchool of Science, Mae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  8. 8.Microbiology, Department of BiologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  9. 9.Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), Laboratory of PhytopathologyWageningenThe Netherlands

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