Fungal Diversity

, 50:135 | Cite as

Fifty years of Fusarium: how could nine species have ever been enough?

Review

Abstract

Fusarium is globally one of the most important genera of fungi, causing an array of plant diseases, producing mycotoxins and adversely affecting human health. The genus is taxonomically complex and accurate identification requires a suite of different morphological, biological and phylogenetic markers. Herein we review some of the major advances in our knowledge of Fusarium that have occurred over the past 50 years.

Keywords

Fusarium Gibberella Plant diseases Mycotoxins 

References

  1. Amata RL, Burgess LW, Summerell BA, Bullock S, Liew ECY, Smith-White JL (2010) An emended description of Fusarium brevicatenulatum and F. pseudoanthophilum based on isolates recovered from millet in Kenya. Fungal Divers 43:11–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Appell DJ, Gordon TR (1994) Local and regional variation in populations of Fusarium oxysporum from agricultural field soils. Phytopathology 84:786–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baayen RP, O’Donnell K, Bonants PJ, Cigelnik E, Kroon LPNM, Roebroeck EJA, Waalwijk C (2000) Gene genealogies and AFLP analyses in the Fusarium oxysporum complex identify monophyletic and non-monophyletic formae speciales causing wilt and rot disease. Phytopathology 90:891–900PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bacon CW, Hinton DM (1996) Symptomless endophytic colonisation 0of maize by Fusarium moniliforme. Can J Bot 74:1195–1202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bentley S, Pegg KG, Moore NY, Davis RD, Buddenhagen IW (1998) Genetic variation among vegetative compatability groups of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense analyzed by DNA fingerprinting. Phytopathology 88:1283–1293PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bilai VI (1955) The Fusaria (Biology and Systematics). Publication Academy of Science Ukraine SSR, Kiev, USSRGoogle Scholar
  7. Burgess LW, Trimboli D (1986) Characterization and distribution of Fusarium nygamai, sp. nov. Mycologia 78:223–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burgess LW, Summerell BA, Bullock S, Gott KP, Backhouse D (1994) Laboratory manual for Fusarium research, 3 rd edn. Department of Crop Science, University of Sydney/Royal Botanic Gardens, 134 pGoogle Scholar
  9. Correll JC, Puhalla JE, Schneider RW (1986) Vegetative compatability groups among non-pathogenic root-colonizing strains of Fusarium oxysporum. Can J Bot 64:2358–2361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Desjardin AE, Proctor RH (2001) Biochemistry and genetics of Fusarium toxins. Pages 50–69. In: Summerell BA, Leslie JF, Backhouse D, Bryden WL, Burgess LW (eds) Fusarium: Paul E. Nelson Memorial Symposium. APS, St PaulGoogle Scholar
  11. Desjardins AE (2003) Gibberella from a(venaceae) to z(eae). Annu Rev Phytopathol 41:171–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Desjardins AE (2006) Fusarium mycotoxins: chemistry, genetics and biology. APS, St. PaulGoogle Scholar
  13. Esser K, Kuenen R (1967) Genetics of fungi. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Fincham JRS, Day PR (1963) Fungal genetics. FA Davis and Co, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  15. Gatch EW, Munkvold GP (2002) Fungal species composition in maize stalks in relation to European corn borer injury and transgenic insect protection. Plant Dis 86:1156–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gerlach W, Nirenberg H (1982) The genus Fusarium—A pictorial atlas. Mitt Biol Bundesanstalt Land-Forstwirtschaft Berl-Dahl 209:1–405Google Scholar
  17. Glenn AE, Zitomer NC, Zimeri AM, Williams LD, Riley RT, Proctor RH (2008) Transformation-mediated complementation of a FUM gene cluster deletion in Fusarium verticillioides restores both fumonisin production and pathogenicity on maize seedlings. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 21:87–97PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gräfenhan T, Schroers H-J, Nirenberg HI, Seiffert KA (2011) An overview of the taxonomy, phylogeny, and typification of nectriaceous fungi in Cosmospora, Acremonium, Fusarium, Stilbella, and Volutella. Stud Mycol 68:79–113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gunn LV, Summerell BA (2002) Differentiation of Fusarium oxysporum isolates from Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island Date Palm) by pathogenicity, vegetative compatibility grouping and molecular analysis. Australas Plant Pathol 31:351–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hamill RL, Higgens CE, Boaz HE, Gorman M (1969) The structure of beauvericin: a new depsipeptide antibiotic toxic to Artemia salina. Tetrahedron Lett 49:4255–4258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harris LJ, Desjardins AE, Plattner RD, Nicholson P, Butler G, Young JC, Weston G, Proctor RH, Hohn TM (1999) Possible role of trichothecene mycotoxins in virulence of Fusarium graminearum on maize. Plant Dis 83:954–960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hohn TM, Van Middlesworth F (1986) Purification and characterizationof the sesquiterpene cyclase trichodiene synthetase from Fusarium sprotrichioides. Arch Biochem Biophys 275:756–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hsieh WH, Smith SN, Snyder WC (1977) Mating groups in Fusarium moniliforme. Phytopathology 67:1041–1043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jacobs A, Coutinho TA, Wingfield MJ, Marasas WFO, Wingfield BD (2010) Fusarium ananatum sp. nov. in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex from pineapples with fruit rot in South Africa. Fungal Biology 114:515–527PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jurgenson JE, Bowden RL, Zeller KA, Leslie JF, Alexander NJ, Plattner RD (2002a) A genetic map of Gibberella zeae (Fusarium graminearum). Genetics 160:1452–1460Google Scholar
  26. Jurgenson JE, Zeller KA, Leslie JF (2002b) An expanded genetic map of Gibberella moniliformis (Fusarium verticillioides). Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1972–1979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Klittich CJR, Leslie JF, Nelson PE, Marasas WFO (1997) Fusarium thapsinum (Gibberella thapsina): a new species in section Liseola from sorghum. Mycologia 89:643–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kvas M, Marasas WFO, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ, Steenkamp ET (2009) Diversity and evolution of Fusarium species in the Gibberella fujikuroi complex. Fungal Divers 34:1–21Google Scholar
  29. Laurence MH, Summerell BA, Burgess LW, Liew ECY (2011) Fusarium burgessii sp. nov. representing a novel lineage in the genus Fusarium. Fungal Divers 49:101–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leslie JF (1993) Fungal vegetative compatibility. Annu Rev Phytopathol 31:127–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Leslie JF, Summerell BA (2006) The Fusarium laboratory manual. Blackwell, AmesGoogle Scholar
  32. Leslie JF, Zeller KA, Summerell BA (2001) Icebergs and species in populations of Fusarium. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 59:107–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Link HF (1809) Observationes in ordines plantarum naturals, Dissetatio I. Mag. Ges. Naturf. Freunde. Berlin 3:3–42Google Scholar
  34. Ma L-J, van der Does C, Borkovich K, Coleman J, Daboussi M-J, Di Pietro A, Dufresne M, Freitag M, Grabherr M, Henrissat B, Houterman PM, Kang S, Shim W-B, Woloshuk C, Xie X, Xu J-R, Antoniw J, Baker SE, Bluhm BH, Breakspear A, Brown D, Butchko R, Chapman S, Coulson R, Coutinho PM, Danchin E, Diener A, Gale LR, Gardiner D, Goff S, Hammond-Kosack K, Hilburn K, Hua-Van A, Jonkers W, Kazan K, Kodira C, Koehrsen M, Kumar L, Lee Y-H, Li L, Manners J, Miranda-Saavedra D, Mukherjee M, Park G, Park J, Park S-Y, Proctor R, Regev A, Ruiz-Roldan C, Sain D, Sakthikumar S, Sykes S, Schwartz D, Turgeon BG, Wapinski I, Yoder O, Young S, Zeng Q, Zhou S, Galagan J, Cuomo C, Kistler HC, Rep M (2010) Comparative genomics reveals mobile pathogenicity chromosomes in Fusarium. Nature 464:367–373PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marasas WFO, Nelson PE, Toussoun TA (1984) Toxigenic Fusarium species: identity and mycotoxicology. The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  36. Marasas WFO, Nelson PE, Toussoun TA (1985) Fusarium dlamini, a new species of Fusarium from southern Africa. Mycologia 77:971–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Marasas WFO, Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, van Wyk PS (1986) Fusarium polyphialidicum, a new species of Fusarium from South Africa. Mycologia 78:678–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Marasas WFO, Rabie CJ, Lübben A, Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, van Wyk PS (1987) Fusarium napiforme, a new species from millet and sorghum in southern Africa. Mycologia 79:910–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Marasas WFO, Riley RT, Hendricks KA, Stevens VL, Sadler TW, Gelineau van Waes J, Missmer SA, Cabrera J, Torres O, Gelderblom WCA, Allegood J, Martinez C, Maddox J, Miller JD, Starr L, Sullard MC, Roman AV, Voss KA, Wang E, Merrill AH Jr (2004) Fumonisins disrupt sphingolipid metabolism, folate transport, and nearal tube development in embryo culture and in vivo: a potential risk factor for human neural tube defects among populations consuming fumonisin-contaminated maize. J Nutr 134:711–716PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Matuo T, Snyder WC (1973) Use of morphology and mating populations in the identification of special forms in Fusarium solani. Phytopathology 63:562–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Merrill AH Jr, van Echten G, Wang E, Sandhoff K (1993) Fumonisin B1 inhibits sphingosine (sphinganine) N-acyltransferase and de nova sphingolipid biosynthesis in cultured neurons in situ. J Biol Chem 268:27299–27306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Mirocha CJ, Pawlosky RA, Chatterjee K, Watson S, Hayes W (1983) Analysis of Fusarium toxins in various samples implicated in biological warfare in Southeast Asia. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 66:1485–1499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, Marasas WFO (1983) Fusarium species: an illustrated manual for identification. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  44. Nirenberg HI, O’Donnell K (1998) New Fusarium species and combinations within the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Mycologia 90:434–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. O’Donnell K, Cigelnik E (1997) Two divergent intra-genomic rDNA ITS2 types within a monophyletic lineage of the fungus Fusarium are nonorthologous. Mol Phylogenet Evol 7:103–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. O’Donnell K, Kistler HC, Tacke BK, Casper HH (2000) Gene genealogies reveal global phylogeographic structure and reproductive isolation among lineages of Fusarium graminearum, the fungus causing wheat scab. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97:7905–7910PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Phan HT, Burgess LW, Summerell BA, Bullock S, Liew ECY, Smith-White J, Clarkeson J (2004) Gibberella gaditjirri (Fusarium gaditjirri) sp. nov., a new species from tropical grasses in Australia. Stud Mycol 50:261–272Google Scholar
  48. Plattner RD, Tjarks LW, Beremand MN (1989) Trichothecenes accumulated in liquid culture of a mutant of Fusarium sporotrichioides NRRL3299. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:2190–2194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Ploetz RC (ed) (1990) Fusarium wilt of banana. APS, St. PaulGoogle Scholar
  50. Proctor RH, Hohn TM, McCormick SP (1995) Reduced virulence of Gibberella zeae caused by disruption of a trichothecene toxin biosynthetic gene. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 8:593–601PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Proctor RH, Plattner RD, Brown DW, Seo J-A, Lee Y-W (2004) Discontinuous distribution of fumonisin biosynthetic genes in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Mycol Res 108:815–822PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Raillo A (1950) Fungi of the genus Fusarium. Publication State Agriculture Literature, Moscow, USSRGoogle Scholar
  53. Rossman AY (1996) Morphological and molecular perspectives on systematics of the Hypocreales. Mycologia 88:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Rossman AY, Samuels GJ, Rogerson CT, Lowen R (1999) Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Stud Mycol 42:1–248Google Scholar
  55. Samuels GJ, Nirenberg HI, Seifert KA (2001) Perithecial species of Fusarium. In: Summerell BA, Leslie JF, Backhouse D, Bryden WL, Burgess LW (eds) Fusarium: Paul E. Nelson Memorial Symposium. APS, Saint Paul, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  56. Seifert KA, Aoki T, Baayen RP, Brayford D, Burgess LW, Chulze S, Gams W, Geiser D, de Gruyter DJ, Leslie JF, Logrieco A, Marasas WFO, Nirenberg HI, O’Donnell K, Rheeder JP, Samuels GA, Summerell BA, Thrane U, Waalwijk C (2003) The name Fusarium moniliforme should no longer be used. Mycol Res 107:643–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Seo J-A, Kim J-C, Lee Y-W (1996) Isolation and characterisation of two new type C fumonisins produced by Fusarium oxysporum. J Nat Prod 59:1003–1005PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Sewran V, Mshicileli N, Shephard GS, Marasas WFO (2005) Fumonisin mycotoxins in human hair. Biomarkers 8:110–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Shepherd GS, Thiel PG, Stockenstrom S, Sydenham EW (1996) Worldwide survey of fumonisin contamination of corn and corn-based products. J AOAC Int 79:671–687Google Scholar
  60. Snyder WC, Hansen HN (1940) The species concept in Fusarium. Am J Bot 27:64–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Snyder WC, Hansen HN (1941) The species concept in Fusarium with reference to section Martiella. Am J Bot 28:738–742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Snyder WC, Hansen HN (1945) The species concept in Fusarium with reference to Discolor and other sections. Am J Bot 32:657–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Summerell BA, Salleh B, Leslie JF (2003) A utilitarian approach to Fusarium identification. Plant Dis 87:117–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Summerell BA, Laurence MH, Liew ECY, Leslie JF (2010) Biogeography and phylogeography of Fusarium: a review. Fungal Divers 44:3–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Van Etten HD, Straney DC, Covert SF, Kistler HC (2001) The genetics of Nectria haematococca mating population VI with special emphasis on its conditionally dispensable (CD) chromosomes: a source of habitat specific genes. In: Summerell BA, Leslie J, Back house D,Bryden WL and Burgess LW (eds) Fusarium: Paul Nelson Memorial Symposium. American Phytophatological Press, St. Paul, MN, USA, pp 97–112Google Scholar
  66. Verstraete F (2008) EU legislation on mycotoxins in food and feed: overview of the decision-making process and recent and future developments. In Leslie JF, Bandyopadhyay R, Visconti A (eds). Wallingford, CABI, pp 77–99Google Scholar
  67. Voss KA, Plattner RD, Riley RT, Meredith FI, Norred WP (1998) In vivo effects of fumonisin B1-producing and fumonisin B1 non-producing isolatesare similar: Fumonisins B2 and B3 cause hepato- and nephrotoxicity in rats. Mycopathologia 141:45–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Waalwijk C, van der Lee T, de Vries I, Hesselink T, Arts J, Kema GHJ (2004) Synteny in toxigenic Fusarium species: The fumonisin gene cluster and the mating type region as examples. Eur J Plant Pathol 110:533–544Google Scholar
  69. Walsh JL, Laurence MH, Liew ECY, Sangalang AE, Burgess LW, Summerell BA, Petrovic T (2010) Fusarium: two endophytic novel species from tropical grasses of northern Australia. Fungal Divers 44:149–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Windels CE (2000) Economic and social impacts of fusarium head blight: changing farms and rural communities in the Northern Great Plains. Phytopathology 90:17–21PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wollenweber HW, Reinking OA (1935) Die Fusarien, ihre Beschreibung, Schadwirkung und Bekampfung. Verlag Paul Parey, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  72. Xu J-R, Leslie JF (1996) A genetic map of Fusarium moniliforme (Gibberella fujikuroi mating population A). Genetics 143:175–189PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain TrustSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

Personalised recommendations