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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 31–37 | Cite as

The rare Australian epiphytic orchid Sarcochilus weinthalii associates with a single species of Ceratobasidium

  • Rachel Roseanne Graham
  • John David William DearnaleyEmail author
Article

Abstract

Sarcochilus weinthalii is a rare, epiphytic orchid largely restricted to the dry rainforests of eastern Australia. Part of the conservation procedures for the orchid includes isolation and identification of the associated mycorrhizal fungus. In this study the mycorrhizal fungal partner of the species was determined through extraction and sequencing of DNA from both colonised orchid roots and pure fungal cultures grown out from orchid roots. A single species of Ceratobasidium predominated in the orchid suggesting that the orchid displays narrow fungal specificity. This mycorrhizal fungus can now be used in conservation procedures involving ex situ growth and the reintroduction of plants to the natural state.

Keywords

Sarcochilus weinthalii Epiphytic orchids Ceratobasidium Mycorrhizal specificity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Queensland Environmental Protection Agency for a collection permit and Steve Petrovich for help with fieldwork. We are indebted to two anonymous reviewers for constructive comments on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel Roseanne Graham
    • 1
  • John David William Dearnaley
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Australian Centre for Sustainable CatchmentsThe University of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

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