Fungal Diversity

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 1–12

Briancoppinsia, a new coelomycetous genus of Arthoniaceae (Arthoniales) for the lichenicolous Phoma cytospora, with a key to this and similar taxa

  • Paul Diederich
  • James D. Lawrey
  • Masoumeh Sikaroodi
  • Pieter P. G. van den Boom
  • Damien Ertz
Article

Abstract

Morphological, anatomical, chemical and molecular data suggest that a relatively common lichenicolous coelomycete on Lecanora conizaeoides is conspecific with Phoma cytospora, previously known only from parmelioid lichens, and that further populations on Cladonia and Pertusaria belong to the same species. This species is distinguished from Phoma by several taxonomically important characters and obviously represents a previously unrecognized genus, for which the name Briancoppinsia is introduced. Phylogenetic analyses using nuLSU and mtSSU sequences of isolates obtained in pure culture suggest that the new genus belongs to the Arthoniaceae (Arthoniales). This is the first obligate lichenicolous, non-lichenized anamorph confirmed to belong to the Arthoniales based on molecular data.

Keywords

Anamorphic fungi Arthonia Conidial fungi Mitosporic fungi 

References

  1. von Brackel W (2010) Some lichenicolous fungi collected on a pre-excursion to the 22th meeting of the Società Lichenologica Italiana in Brescia. Not Soc Lich Ital 23:57–65Google Scholar
  2. Calatayud V, Atienza V, Barreno E (1995) Lichenicolous fungi from the Iberian Peninsula and the Canary Islands. Mycotaxon 55:363–382Google Scholar
  3. Cole MS, Hawksworth DL (2001) Lichenicolous fungi, mainly from the USA, including Patriciomyces gen. nov. Mycotaxon 77:305–338Google Scholar
  4. Coppins BJ, Aptroot A (2009) Arthonia Ach. (1806). In: Smith CW, Aptroot A, Coppins BJ, Fletcher A, Gilbert OL, James PW, Wolseley PA (eds) The lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. British Lichen Society, London, pp 153–171Google Scholar
  5. Crespo A, Kauff F, Divakar PK, del Prado R, Pérez-Ortega S, Amo de Paz G, Ferencova Z, Blanco O, Roca-Valiente B, Núñez-Zapata J, Cubas P, Argüello A, Elix JA, Esslinger TL, Hawksworth DL, Millanes A, Molina MC, Wedin M, Ahti T, Aptroot A, Barreno E, Bungartz F, Calvelo S, Candan M, Cole M, Ertz D, Goffinet B, Lindblom L, Lücking R, Lutzoni F, Mattsson JE, Messuti MI, Miadlikowska J, Piercey-Normore M, Rico VJ, Sipman HJM, Schmitt I, Spribille T, Thell A, Thor G, Upreti DK, Lumbsch HT (2010) Phylogenetic generic classification of parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) based on molecular, morphological and chemical evidence. Taxon 59:1735–1753Google Scholar
  6. Diederich P (1990) New or interesting lichenicolous fungi 1. Species from Luxembourg. Mycotaxon 37:297–330Google Scholar
  7. Diederich P, Ertz D, Stapper N, Sérusiaux E, Van den Broeck D, van den Boom P, Ries C (2011) The lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France. http://www.lichenology.info. Accessed 9 April 2011
  8. Diederich P, Kocourková J, Etayo J, Zhurbenko M (2007) The lichenicolous Phoma species (coelomycetes) on Cladonia. Lichenologist 39:153–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Diederich P, Sérusiaux E (2003) Stromatopogon cladoniae sp. nova, a remarkable new lichenicolous coelomycete from Belgium. Bibl Lichenol 86:103–106Google Scholar
  10. Ertz D, Miadlikowska J, Lutzoni F, Dessein S, Raspé O, Vigneron N, Hofstetter V, Diederich P (2009) Towards a new classification of the Arthoniales (Ascomycota) based on a three-gene phylogeny focussing on the genus Opegrapha. Mycol Res 113:141–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ertz D, Bungartz F, Diederich P, Tibell L (2011) Molecular and morphological data place Blarneya in Tylophoron (Arthoniaceae). Lichenologist: in press.Google Scholar
  12. Ertz D, Tehler A (2011) The phylogeny of Arthoniales (Pezizomycotina) inferred from nucLSU and RPB2 sequences. Fungal Diversity: in pressGoogle Scholar
  13. Etayo J, Diederich P (1995) Lichenicolous fungi from the western Pyrenees, France and Spain. I. New species of deuteromycetes. In: Daniëls FJA, Schulz M, Peine J (eds) Flechten Follmann. Contributions to lichenology in Honour of Gerhard Follmann. Geobotanical and Phytotaxonomical Study Group, Botanical Institute, University of Cologne, Cologne, pp 205–221Google Scholar
  14. Etayo J, Sancho LG (2008) Hongos liquenícolas del Sur de Sudamérica, especialmente de Isla Navarino (Chile). Bibl Lichenol 98:1–302Google Scholar
  15. Giralt M, Hawksworth DL (1991) Diplolaeviopsis ranula, a new genus and species of lichenicolous coelomycetes growing on the Lecanora strobilina group in Spain. Myc Res 95:759–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grube M, Matzer M, Hafellner J (1995) A preliminary account of the lichenicolous Arthonia species with reddish, K + reactive pigments. Lichenologist 27:25–42Google Scholar
  17. Hafellner J, Obermayer S, Obermayer W (2005) Zur Diversität der Flechten und lichenicolen Pilze im Hochschwab-Massiv (Nordalpen, Steiermark). Mitt naturwiss Ver Steiermark 134:57–103Google Scholar
  18. Hawksworth DL (1981) The lichenicolous coelomycetes. Bull Br Mus (Nat Hist). Bot Ser 9:1–98Google Scholar
  19. Hawksworth DL (1982) Notes on British lichenicolous fungi: IV. Notes RBG Edinb 40:375–397Google Scholar
  20. Hawksworth DL (1994) Notes in British lichenicolous fungi: VII. Lichenologist 26:337–347Google Scholar
  21. Huelsenbeck JP, Ronquist F (2001) MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogeny. Bioinformatics 17:754–755PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ihlen PG, Wedin M (2005) Notes on Swedish lichenicolous fungi. Nova Hedw 81:493–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lawrey JD (2002) Isolation and culture of lichenicolous fungi. In: Kranner I, Beckett RP, Varma A (eds) Protocols in lichenology: culturing, biochemistry, physiology and use in biomonitoring. Springer, Berlin, pp 75–84Google Scholar
  24. Maddison D, Maddison W (2002) MacClade version 4.03PPC: Analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.11Google Scholar
  25. Nelsen MP, Lücking R, Grube M, Mbatchou JS, Muggia L, Rivas Plata E, Lumbsch HT (2009) Unravelling the phylogenetic relationships of lichenised fungi in Dothideomyceta. Studies in Mycology 64:135–144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Posada D, Crandall KA (1998) MODELTEST: Testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817–818PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rambaut A, Drummond AJ (2007) Tracer v1.5. Available from: http://beast.bio.ed.ac.uk/Tracer
  28. Ronquist F, Huelsenbeck JP (2003) MRBAYES 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics 19:1572–1574PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Santesson R, Moberg R, Nordin A, Tønsberg T, Vitikainen O (2004) Lichen-forming and Lichenicolous Fungi of Fennoscandia. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Museum of EvolutionGoogle Scholar
  30. Sérusiaux E (1992) Reinstatement of the lichenized genus Eremothecella Sydow. Systema Ascomycetum 11:39–47Google Scholar
  31. Sutton BC (1980) The coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. CABI, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  32. Svensson M, Westberg M (2010) Additions to the lichen flora of Fennoscandia. Graphis Scripta 22:33–37Google Scholar
  33. Swofford DL (2002) PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MAGoogle Scholar
  34. Wedin M, Hafellner J (1998) Lichenicolous species of Arthonia on Lobariaceae with notes on excluded taxa. Lichenologist 30:59–91Google Scholar
  35. Wirth V (1995) Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  36. Zoller S, Scheidegger C, Sperisen C (1999) PCR primers for the amplification of mitochondrial small subunit ribosomal DNA of lichen-forming ascomycetes. Lichenologist 31:511–516Google Scholar
  37. Zwickl DJ (2006) Genetic algorithm approaches for the phylogenetic analysis of large biological sequence datasets under the maximum likelihood criterion. The University of Texas at Austin, Ph. D. dissertationGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Diederich
    • 1
  • James D. Lawrey
    • 2
  • Masoumeh Sikaroodi
    • 2
  • Pieter P. G. van den Boom
    • 3
  • Damien Ertz
    • 4
  1. 1.Musée national d’histoire naturelleLuxembourgLuxembourg
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science and PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.Arafura 16Sonthe Netherlands
  4. 4.Jardin Botanique National de BelgiqueMeiseBelgium

Personalised recommendations