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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 71–78 | Cite as

Ecological aspects of Hymenochaetaceae in an area of Caatinga (semi-arid) in Northeast Brazil

  • E. R. Drechsler-SantosEmail author
  • P. J. P. Santos
  • T. B. Gibertoni
  • M. A. Q. Cavalcanti
Article

Abstract

The diversity of Hymenochaetaceae and its relationship with native plants of the Caatinga were investigated in two stands (56 km2 each) in the Parque Nacional do Catimbau, State of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil. The basidiomata collected on both live and dead trees represented 14 species of Hymenochaetaceae. Eleven of them belonged to Phellinus, six of which were new records to the Brazilian semi-arid area (P. grenadensis, P. linteus, P. maxonii, P. melleoporus, P. rimosus, and P. rhytyphloeus). Hymenochaetaceae diversity was not influenced by differences between stands, caused mostly by agriculture (subsistence farming), logging and tourism. The occurrence of taxa of Hymenochaetaceae was not significantly related to humidity, although P. piptadeniae and P. rimosus were more frequently sampled during the dry season. Even if most of the specimens of Hymenochaetaceae, Phellinus and P. piptadeniae have been found on live hosts, this observation was not statistically supported. On the other hand, P. rimosus occurred only on live hosts. The occurrence on live hosts may indicate a parasitic relationship, but they may be colonizing dead tissues of the live plants. Plants of Piptadenia and P. moniliformis had high incidence of Hymenochaetaceae, Phellinus and P. piptadeniae, while Caesalpinia microphylla had high incidence of Hymenochaetaceae, Phellinus and P. rimosus, suggesting that P. piptadeniae is host-recurrent and P. rimosus is host-specific on species of Fabaceae in the studied area. The results indicate that, at least when analysing Hymenochaetaceae, the biome Caatinga differs from other tropical forests where higher species richness is observed on decaying rather than live substrata, and where host-specificity/recurrence have been shown to be low.

Keywords

Agaricomycetes Seasonally dry tropical forest Lignicolous fungi Host-recurrence Host-specificity Hymenochaetales Phellinus Species richness 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the staff of the Laboratório de Morfo-Taxonomia Vegetal (UFPE) and Prof. Marlene Barbosa (curator of UFP) for plant identification; Dr. Maurício Moreau (UESC) for elaborating the Fig. 1; Laboratório de Meteorologia de Pernambuco (LAMEPE/ITEP) for precipitation data; IBAMA for collection permit (SISBIO 17661-1); M.Sc. Daniela Werner Ribeiro dos Santos (CTC-SP, UFRPE) and M.Sc. Domingos Cardoso (UEFS) for contribution with this work; B.Arch. Eva Cantwell for her assistance concerning the English language; Dr. Gregory M. Mueller (Field Museum) and Dr. Aristóteles Góes-Neto (UEFS) for reviewing the manuscript. Special thanks to the field guide João Ferreira and Dr. Felipe Wartchow. This research won the Augusto Chaves Batista prize at the 5th Congresso Brasileiro de Micologia, and is part of the doctorate thesis of the first author. This research was supported by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico [CNPq, projects Universal (478973/2006-3 and 479961/2007-7), Projeto de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade do Semi-árido (010105.00/2004/PPBio/MCT), and the PhD scholarship to the first author and grants to Dr. M.A.Q. Cavalcanti].

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Copyright information

© Kevin D Hyde 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. R. Drechsler-Santos
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. J. P. Santos
    • 2
  • T. B. Gibertoni
    • 1
  • M. A. Q. Cavalcanti
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de MicologiaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de ZoologiaUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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