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KI - Künstliche Intelligenz

, Volume 30, Issue 3–4, pp 279–287 | Cite as

An Object Template Approach to Manipulation for Humanoid Avatar Robots for Rescue Tasks

  • Alberto RomayEmail author
  • Stefan Kohlbrecher
  • Oskar von Stryk
Technical contribution

Abstract

Nowadays, the first steps towards the use of remote mobile robots to perform rescue tasks in disaster environments have been made possible. However, these environments still present several challenges for robots, which open new possibilities for research and development. For example, fully autonomous robots are not yet suitable for such tasks with high degree of uncertainty, and pure teloperated robots require high expertise and high mental workload, as well as fast communication to be reliable. In this paper, we discuss a middle ground approach to manipulation, that leverages the strengths and abilities of a human supervisor and a semi-autonomous robot while at the same tackling their weaknesses. This approach is based on the object template concept, which provides an interaction method to rapidly communicate to a remote robot the physical and abstract information for manipulation of the objects of interest. This approach goes beyond current grasp-centered approaches by focusing on the affordance information of the objects and providing flexibility to solve manipulation tasks in versatile ways. Experimental evaluation of the approach is performed using two highly advanced humanoid robots.

Keywords

Humanoid robot Collaborative autonomy Avatar robot Disaster robotics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank all members of Team ViGIR, specially David C. Conner, and Team Hector for their contribution and support which enabled the realization of this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Simulation, Systems Optimization and Robotics Group Department of Computer ScienceTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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