Bacillus halotolerans strain LYSX1-induced systemic resistance against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica in tomato
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Determination of the nematicidal potential and mode of action of bacteria isolated from tobacco rhizosphere soil against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica in tomato plants.
Antagonistic bacteria were isolated from rhizosphere soil of tobacco infested with root-knot nematodes. Culture filtrate was used to examine nematicidal activity and ovicidal action of bacterial strains. Biocontrol of M. javanica and growth of treated tomato plants were assessed in pot experiments. To clarify whether secondary metabolites of bacteria in tomato roots induced systemic resistance to M. javanica, bacterial culture supernatants and second-stage juvenile nematodes were applied to spatially separated tomato roots using a split-root system. Bacterial strains were identified by 16S rDNA and gyrB gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis.
Of the 15 bacterial strains isolated, four (LYSX1, LYSX2, LYSX3, and LYSX4) demonstrated nematicidal activity against second-stage juveniles of M. javanica, and strain LYSX1 showed the greatest antagonistic activity; there was dose-dependent variability in nematicidal activity and inhibition of egg mass hatching by strain LYSX1. In vivo application of LYSX1 to tomato seedlings decreased the number of egg masses and galls and increased the root and shoot fresh weight. Treatment of half of the split-root system with LYSX1 reduced nematode penetration to the other half by 41.64%. Strain LYSX1 was identified as Bacillus halotolerans.
Bacillus halotolerans LYSX1 is a potential microbe for the sustainable biocontrol of root-knot nematodes through induced systemic resistance in tomato.
KeywordsBiocontrol Meloidogyne javanica Bacillus halotolerans LYSX1 Culture filtrates
This work was financially supported by projects from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31201558 and 31401774).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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