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Annals of Microbiology

, Volume 64, Issue 3, pp 905–919 | Cite as

Biological detoxification of mycotoxins: a review

  • Amal S. HathoutEmail author
  • Soher E. Aly
Review Article

Abstract

Mycotoxins are secondary fungal metabolites and are reported to be carcinogenic, genotoxic, teratogenic, dermato-, nephro- and hepatotoxic. Several studies have shown that economic losses due to mycotoxins occur at all levels of food and feed production, including crop and animal production, processing and distribution. Therefore, there is a great demand for a novel approach to prevent both the formation of mycotoxins in food and feed and the impact of existing mycotoxin contamination. Recently, investigators have reported that many microorganisms including bacteria, yeast, moulds, actinomycetes and algae are able to remove or degrade mycotoxins in food and feed. We have reviewed various strategies for the detoxification of mycotoxins using microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast and fungi.

Keywords

Mycotoxins Detoxification Bacteria Fungi Yeast 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and the University of Milan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Toxicology & Contaminants DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt

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