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ATP sulfurylase activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria from various ecotopes

Abstract

Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are widespread in various ecotopes despite their growth and enzymatic features not compared. In this study, the enzymatic parameters of ATP sulfurylase in cell-free extracts of sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from various ecotopes such as soils, corrosion products and human large intestine were determined. Comparative analysis of both enzyme characteristics and growth parameters were carried out and similar research has not been reported yet. The initial and maximum rates of enzymatic reaction catalyzed by ATP sulfurylase were significantly different (p < 0.05) in the bacterial strains isolated from various environmental ecotopes. The specific activity of this enzyme in sulfate-reducing bacteria was determined for corrosive and intestinal strains 0.98–1.56 and 0.98–2.26 U × mg−1 protein, respectively. The Michaelis constants were 1.55–2.29 mM for corrosive and 2.93–3.13 mM for intestinal strains and the affinity range were demonstrated. Based on cluster analysis, the parameters of physiological and biochemical characteristics of sulfate-reducing bacteria from different ecotopes are divided into 3 clusters corresponding to the location of their isolation (soils, heating systems and human intestine). Understanding the enzymatic parameters of the initial stages of sulfate consumption in the process of dissimilatory sulfate reduction will allow the development of effective methods for controlling the production of toxic metabolites, including hydrogen sulfide.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Grant Agency of the Masaryk University (MUNI/A/0906/2017).

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Correspondence to Ivan Kushkevych.

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Abdulina, D., Kováč, J., Iutynska, G. et al. ATP sulfurylase activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria from various ecotopes. 3 Biotech 10, 55 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-019-2041-9

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Keywords

  • Sulfate-reducing bacteria
  • ATP sulfurylase
  • Cell-free extracts
  • Ecotopes