Vitamin D2 fortification of Calocybe indica mushroom by natural and artificial UVB radiations and their potential effects on nutraceutical properties
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Calocybe indica mushroom was exposed under natural and artificial UVB light to enhance vitamin D2 contents in the fruit bodies. When Kinetic model was designed to examine the rate of conversion of ergosterol into vitamin D2 at different time intervals (0, 15, 45, 60 and 90 min), it was found that the conversion was linear with time. The maximum content of vitamin D2, that is 78.33 µg/g in sunlight and 140.58 µg/g in UVB radiated fruit bodies, was recorded in the samples exposed for 60 min. Interestingly, UVB radiations triggered the synthesis of β-glucan from their actual content (22.42–44.36 g/100 g) and improved the contents of phenols (12.46–47.38 mg GAE/g) and flavonoids (0.85–2.15 mg Quercetin/g). The estimated antioxidant activities, viz., free radical DPPH scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power was also found to significantly (p < 0.05) increase after 60 min of UVB exposure. For DPPH and FRAP, lowest IC50 values obtained was 1.90 and 4.60 respectively, which are suggestive of high antioxidant capacity. Additionally, the paper also describes how UVB rays chemically altered the scores for all seventeen amino acids that were analyzed.
KeywordsAmino acids Antioxidants β-Glucan Nutraceutical Vitamin D2
The authors grateful acknowledge the financial support provided by the University Grant Commission (UGC) (Grant no. 2201011-NETJRF-10299-69) and National Horticulture Board (NHB) for carrying out the research work.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
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