Diversity of fungi from mangrove sediments of Goa, India, obtained by metagenomic analysis using Illumina sequencing
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The fungal composition, abundance and diversity of the mangrove sediments from the Mandovi and Zuari estuaries, Goa, using paired-end Illumina sequencing, hitherto unexplored by a metagenomic approach, indicated that though the types of fungal phyla were similar between the two sediments, the abundance of the species was significantly different between them (p value < 0.005). Basidiomycota and Ascomycota were the two major phyla which were sub-divided into eighteen classes, families, orders, genera and species and one unassigned group in both the sediments. The top five classes observed were Agaricomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Saccharomycetes, Dothideomycetes and Eurotiomycetes from both the sediments. The diversity analysis based on the observed fungal species richness (Chao 1 for Mandovi were 614 and 714.7 while for Zuari were 665 and 771.2) revealed that Zuari sediment was taxonomically rich, indicating these to be potent candidates for bioremediation and a rich repository for biotechnologically important fungi. This is a first report on diversity of fungi from mangrove sediments of Goa using metagenomic studies.
KeywordsFungal diversity Goa Illumina Mangrove Metagenomic
The research work was funded by National Post-Doctoral Fellowship Scheme of Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi. The authors thank Goa University, Goa, for providing the necessary infrastructural support for this research work.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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