3 Biotech

, 9:68 | Cite as

Nanomaterials and microbes’ interactions: a contemporary overview

  • Jaspreet Singh
  • Kanchan Vishwakarma
  • Naleeni Ramawat
  • Padmaja Rai
  • Vivek Kumar Singh
  • Rohit Kumar Mishra
  • Vivek Kumar
  • Durgesh Kumar TripathiEmail author
  • Shivesh SharmaEmail author
Review Article


Use of nanomaterials in the field of science and technology includes different fields in food industry, medicine, agriculture and cosmetics. Nanoparticle-based sensors have wide range of applications in food industry for identification and detection of chemical contaminants, pathogenic bacteria, toxins and fungal toxins from food materials with high specificity and sensitivity. Nanoparticle–microbe interactions play a significant role in disease treatment in the form of antimicrobial agents. The inhibitory mechanism of nanoparticles against different bacteria and fungi includes release of metal ions that interacts with cellular components through various pathways including reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, pore formation in cell membranes, cell wall damage, DNA damage, and cell cycle arrest and ultimately inhibits the growth of cells. Nanoparticle-based therapies are growing to study the therapeutic treatments of plant diseases and to prevent the growth of phytopathogens leading to the growing utilization of engineered nanomaterials. Hence, with this background, the present review focuses thoroughly on detailed actions and responses of nanomaterials against different bacteria and fungi as well as food sensing and storage.


Nanomaterials Bacteria Fungi Mechanism of action 



The authors are grateful to Director MNNIT Allahabad, Central Instrumentation Facility under Department of Biotechnology, and Design and Innovation Centre, MNNIT Allahabad, Prayagraj for providing necessary research facilities. Shivesh Sharma and Durgesh K. Tripathi are thankful for the financial assistance provided by CSIR sponsored project (No. 38(1460)/18/EMR-II).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declared that they do not have any conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaspreet Singh
    • 1
  • Kanchan Vishwakarma
    • 1
  • Naleeni Ramawat
    • 2
  • Padmaja Rai
    • 1
  • Vivek Kumar Singh
    • 3
  • Rohit Kumar Mishra
    • 4
  • Vivek Kumar
    • 5
  • Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shivesh Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyMotilal Nehru National Institute of Technology AllahabadPrayagrajIndia
  2. 2.Amity Institute of Organic AgricultureAmity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia
  4. 4.Department of MicrobiologySwami Vivekanand UniversitySagarIndia
  5. 5.Himalayan Institute of BiosciencesSwami Rama Himalayan UniversityDehradunIndia

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