3 Biotech

, 9:78 | Cite as

Calcined Umbonium vestiarium snail shell as an efficient adsorbent for treatment of wastewater containing Co (II)

  • Rauf Foroutan
  • Amin Oujifard
  • Fatemeh Papari
  • Hossein EsmaeiliEmail author
Original Article


In the present study, the Umbonium vestiarium snail shell (UVS) was used as an abundant and low-cost resource for the removal of Co (II) from aqueous solution. The characteristics of calcined Umbonium vestiarium snail shell (CUVS) were analyzed using FTIR, SEM, MAP, EDAX, and BET analyses. The results showed that the specific surface area of the CUVS was obtained 17.02 m2/g which was an acceptable amount. The presence of Co (II) in the adsorbent structure was confirmed by EDAX, and Map analyses after Co (II) adsorption showed that the adsorbent successfully adsorbed Co (II) from aqueous solution. The effect of different parameters such as, contact time, initial concentration of cobalt ion, the adsorbent dose, and pH value was also investigated. The maximum efficiency of cobalt ion adsorption was measured 93.87% at a pH value of 6, contact time of 80 min, the adsorbent dose of 3 g/L, and initial ion concentration of 10 mg/L. Also, Langmuir, Freundlich, and D–R isotherm models were used to determine the most appropriate isotherm model for cobalt ion adsorption. The adsorption equilibrium data were better fitted with the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 93.46 mg/g. Additionally, the average free energy of adsorption was evaluated in the amount of 1.4085 KJ/mol, revealing a physical adsorption. Moreover, the kinetic behavior study showed that the experimental data follow the pseudo second order kinetic model to the value of correlation coefficient.


Cobalt ion Aqueous solution Snail shell Kinetics study Equilibrium study Adsorption 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bushehr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBushehrIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesPersian Gulf UniversityBushehrIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Bushehr BranchIslamic Azad UniversityBushehrIran

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