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3 Biotech

, 8:350 | Cite as

Genetic homogeneity in South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta: a new invasive pest to oriental region

  • P. R. ShashankEmail author
  • S. Twinkle
  • K. Chandrashekar
  • Naresh M. Meshram
  • Sachin S. Suroshe
  • A. S. R. Bajracharya
Short Reports

Abstract

South American tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is an important invasive pest of Tomato which invaded India and Nepal in 2014 and 2016, respectively. In the present study, samples from five localities of India and one from Nepal were used for the investigation of genetic diversity of T. absoluta by employing a fragment in the mtDNA gene-encoding cytochrome oxidase I (COI). Based on the partial COI gene, high genetic homogeneity was detected in T. absoluta populations of India and Nepal with rest of the world. Less nucleotide diversity (π 0.00137) was also detected in the populations of T. absoluta from different countries. This is first attempt to analyze molecular data for this new invasive species from India and Nepal.

Keywords

Cytochrome oxidase Invasive pest India Nepal Tomato Tuta absoluta 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Head, Division of Entomology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa Campus, New Delhi for her guidance. We thank DST-SERB (SB/YS/LS-126/2014) for the financial assistance to conduct this work.

Author contributions

SPR collected and identified specimens. TS performed molecular work. Conceptualization: SPR and NMM. Data curation: SPR, TS, and SSS. Data analysis: SPR and ASRB. Supervision: SPR and KC. Funding acquisition: SPR. All authors read, reviewed and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of this article.

Supplementary material

13205_2018_1374_MOESM1_ESM.txt (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TXT 30 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Shashank
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Twinkle
    • 1
  • K. Chandrashekar
    • 2
  • Naresh M. Meshram
    • 1
  • Sachin S. Suroshe
    • 1
  • A. S. R. Bajracharya
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of EntomologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Indian Agricultural Research InstitutePuneIndia
  3. 3.Entomology Division, National Agriculture Research InstituteNepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC)LalitpurNepal

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