3 Biotech

, 8:141 | Cite as

Effect of nanozeolite and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on maize

Original Article
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Abstract

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are key to soil and plant health maintenance. In the present study, two PGPR strains which were identified as Bacillus spp. (accession number KX650178 and KX650179) with nanozeolite (50 ppm) were applied to the seeds in different combinations and tested on growth profile of maize crop. Various growth related parameters, including plant height, leaf area, number of leaves chlorophyll and total protein were positively increased up to twofold by the nanocompound treatment. GC–MS results reveal increase in total phenolic and acid ester compounds after the treatment of nanozeolite and PGPR, which are responsible for stress tolerance mechanism. Soil physicochemical parameters (organic carbon, phosphorous, potassium, ammoniacal nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen) were assessed qualitatively and a shift towards higher amount was observed. Various biochemical parameters of soil health like dehydrogenase, fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis and alkaline phosphatase activity were significantly enhanced up to threefold with the application of different treatments. The results, for the first time, demonstrate successful use of nanozeolite in enhancing growth of Zea mays, under controlled conditions and present a viable alternative to GM crop for ensuring food security.

Keywords

PGPR Rhizosphere Bioinoculant Nanozeolite Zea mays 

Abbreviations

AC

Absolute control

SS

Sterilized soil

FDA

Fluorescein diacetate

OOC

Oxidizable organic carbon

APH

Available phosphorous

NN

Nitrate nitrogen

USS

Unsterilized soil

AN

Ammoniacal nitrogen

NZ

Nanozeolite

APT

Available potassium

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was supported by University Grant Commission (UGC) India and Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Science and Humanity, GBPUA&T Pantnagar.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13205_2018_1142_MOESM1_ESM.doc (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 21 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyG.B Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesG.B Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyG.B Pant University of Agriculture and TechnologyPantnagarIndia

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