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3 Biotech

, 7:317 | Cite as

Enzyme kinetics of cellulose hydrolysis of Miscanthus and oat hulls

  • Ekaterina I. Makarova
  • Vera V. Budaeva
  • Aleksey A. Kukhlenko
  • Sergey E. Orlov
Original Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Experiments were done to model enzymatic hydrolysis of Miscanthus and oat hulls treated with dilute solutions of nitric acid and sodium hydroxide in direct and reverse sequences. The enzymatic hydrolysis kinetics of the substrates was studied at an initial solid loading from 30 to 120 g/L. The effects of feedstock type and its pretreatment method on the initial hydrolysis rate and reducing sugar yield were evaluated. The fitting results by the developed models showed good agreement with the experimental data. These models designed for developing the production technology of concentrated glucose solutions can also be applied for glucose fermentation into ethanol. The initial solid loading of 60–90 g/L provides the reducing sugar concentration of 40–80 g/L necessary for ethanol synthesis. The kinetic model can also be applied to investigate enzymatic hydrolysis of other substrates (feedstock type, pretreatment method) under the similar conditions used herein, with adjusted empirical coefficient values.

Keywords

Miscanthus Oat hulls Cellulose Enzymatic hydrolysis Kinetics Mathematical model 

Abbreviations

CES

Concentration of enzyme–substrate complex (g/L)

Cm

Equilibrium concentration of reducing sugars (g/L)

CP

Concentration of reducing sugars (g/L)

CS

Concentration of substrate (g/L)

k1

Formation constant of enzyme–substrate complex (h−1)

k2

Breakdown constant of enzyme–substrate complex [g/(L h)]

k3

Formation constant of reducing sugars [g/(L h)]

km

Michaelis constant (g/L)

ks

Disassociation constant of enzyme–substrate complex (g/L)

NAM

Nitric-acid method

CM

Combined method

RS

Reducing sugars

MC

Miscanthus cellulose

OHC

Oat hull cellulose

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations of the Russian Federation [Grant No. 0385-2016-0001].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Bioconversion, Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Processes and ApparatusesInstitute for Problems of Chemical and Energetic Technologies, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPCET SB RAS)BiyskRussia

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