Surface modification of synthesized Fe3O4 super-paramagnetic nanoparticles and performance investigation in gelation parameters enhancement: application in enhanced oil recovery

  • Behnam Sabzi dizajyekan
  • Arezou JafariEmail author
  • Mohammadreza Hasani
  • Mohsen Vafaei-Sefti
  • Zahra Fakhroueian
  • Mahsa Baghbansalehi
Original Article


Application of different surface modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles for enhancing the gel polymers properties and oil recovery increase using gel polymers has been investigated. Fe3O4 Super-paramagnetic nanoparticles were prepared using co-precipitation method, and the surface modified using citric acid, ascorbic acid and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS, SiO2). All the surface modified nanoparticles were super-paramagnetic, considering the vibrating sample magnetometer test results. Adding Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@SiO2 to the gellant samples has resulted in shear viscosity increase of the gel (9.32–9.92 Pa.s and 10.28 Pa.s), but Fe3O4@ascorbic acid has resulted in shear viscosity decrease (8.79 Pa.s) and the gellant sample containing Fe3O4@citric acid did not convert to gel polymer. The samples containing Fe3O4@ascorbic acid synersised after 5–10 days. Nanoparticles has changed the order and constant of the gelation reaction, too. The injection of the gel sample containing 8000 ppm Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles in a heterogeneous micromodel resulted in blocking the high permeability zone and subsequently led to a significant increase in the oil recovery factor from 27.3 to 54%.


Superparamagnetic nanoparticles Oil recovery Surface modification Gel polymer Gelling time 



The authors wish to acknowledge the support of Iran National Science Foundation (INSF) (Grant no. 96004832) and IRAN Nanotechnology Innovation Council for financial support of the research.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behnam Sabzi dizajyekan
    • 1
  • Arezou Jafari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammadreza Hasani
    • 1
  • Mohsen Vafaei-Sefti
    • 1
  • Zahra Fakhroueian
    • 2
  • Mahsa Baghbansalehi
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering FacultyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, Institute of Petroleum EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Petroleum EngineeringChemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of IranTehranIran

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