Low temperature green nano-composite vegetable-gum drilling fluid

  • Sheng WangEmail author
  • Zhihong Shu
  • Liyi Chen
  • Peng Yan
  • Bo Li
  • Chaopeng Yuan
  • Liming Jian
Original Article


Drilling in alpine ecological fragile areas for the energy and mineral exploration needs superior low temperature drilling fluids with the required environmental protection of the ecosystem and a high efficiency of core drilling. To meet this demand, a comprehensive study on the appropriate material sourcing, lab measured properties and mechanism analysis of a new drilling fluid suitable for such areas was conducted by a systematic method of theoretical analysis, experimental work and a verifying field test. As a result, a new low temperature vegetable gum drilling fluid (NCKL) was developed by mixing with kuli vegetable gum, antifreeze potassium formate, nano silica, polymer synergist, and inorganic treatment agent. Lab test results showed that NCKL had an easy preparation, good low temperature rheology, viscoelasticity, anti-collapse property, and exceeding environmental protection level requirement (as per LC50 test). An analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate the microscopic features of NCKL, which led to a low temperature mechanism explanation. Finally a successful field test demonstrated that NCKL provided a new potential solution for a better core drilling in complex strata of alpine ecological fragile areas.


Alpine ecological fragile areas Core drilling Nano-composite drilling fluid Low temperature green vegetable gum drilling fluid 



This paper has been supported by National Natural Science of China (Grant nos. 51204027, 41672362) and the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Grant no. SKLGP2017Z011).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors agree to the submission of the paper, there are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Bazhong Municipal Bureau of Land and ResourcesSichuanChina
  3. 3.Sichuan Province Jinhe Geology & Exploration Co., LtdChengduChina
  4. 4.Sichuan Shu Tong Geotechnical Engineering CompanyChengduChina

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