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Dye degradation property of cobalt and manganese doped iron oxide nanoparticles

  • A. Wahab
  • M. Imran
  • M. IkramEmail author
  • M. Naz
  • M. Aqeel
  • A. Rafiq
  • H. Majeed
  • S. Ali
Original Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Cobalt (Co) and manganese (Mn) doped iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were synthesized using co-precipitation. Mn and Co (8 and 16%) were added gradually to Fe3O4 nanoparticles followed by annealing at 1000 °C. Co and Mn-doped Fe3O4 revealed cubic structure well matched to JCPDS # 01-089-2807 and 01-077-0426 respectively with crystallite size 8–21 nm confirmed by XRD. Mixing of Co and Mn improved absorption range toward longer wavelength as evident from UV–Vis spectroscopy. However, morphology of doped NPs was spherical and agglomerated visualized through field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Moreover, presence of metal–oxygen bond vibration in Co and Mn doped NPs was observed at 600 nm. On the other hand, saturation magnetization was highest for 16% Co-doped Fe3O4 attributed to excellent magnetic nature of cobalt nanoparticles. These findings showed superior performance of Co-doped magnetite compared to undoped and has been an interesting candidate to be used as nanocatalyst to replace conventional waste water management methods.

Keywords

Co-precipitation Doping Magnetic properties FTIR XRD Photocatalytic activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by higher education commission (HEC), Pakistan through startup research Grant No. 21-1669/SRGP/R&D/HEC/2017 and CAS-TWAS President’s Fellowship for international PhD students China.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have confirmed this manuscript has no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Solar Cell Applications Research Lab, Department of PhysicsGovernment College UniversityLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Technical Institute of Physics and ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Biochemistry Lab, Department of ChemistryGovernment College University LahoreLahorePakistan
  5. 5.Department of BotanyGovernment College UniversityLahorePakistan
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsRiphah Institute of Computing and Applied Sciences (RICAS), Riphah International UniversityLahorePakistan

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