One-pot synthesis of lamellar mordenite and ZSM-5 zeolites and subsequent pillaring by amorphous SiO2

  • Rosario I. Yocupicio-GaxiolaEmail author
  • Vitalii Petranovskii
  • Joel Antúnez-García
  • Sergio Fuentes Moyado
Original Article


Two zeolite structures (mordenite and ZSM-5) were crystallized as a mesostructure by a one-pot hydrothermal method using a supramolecular assembly and applying cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a surfactant. The as-prepared materials were subjected to a pillaring process with amorphous SiO2 forming MFI-P and MOR-P pillared systems. The textural properties were significantly improved due to the efficient pillaring process, i.e., surface areas increased from 255 to 687 m2/g for MFI and from 393 to 710 m2/g for MOR. The zeolitic materials grew in the form of lamellar mesostructures when CTAB was used as a bulk filler between the laminar arrays of zeolites as revealed by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The lamella sizes were in the range of ~ 2.5 nm, which is similar to one unit cell of the growing zeolite for both samples. These results are consistent with the theoretical calculations obtained by the Powdercell program for the X-ray diffraction powder pattern of the mesostructured lattice for both samples. It was found that calcining of the as-synthesized samples at 550 °C leads to a non-congruent collapse of the mesostructure.


Mordenite ZSM-5 Lamellar Synthesis Pillaring 



The authors are grateful to SENER-CONACyT for financial support through Project 117373, and wish to thank E. Aparicio, I. Gradilla, E. Flores, P. Casillas, J. Mendoza and F. Ruiz for valuable technical assistance. M. I. Perez Montfort corrected the English version of the manuscript.

Author contributions

All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13204_2018_935_MOESM1_ESM.docx (123 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 123 KB)


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Copyright information

© King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Nanociencias y NanotecnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoEnsenadaMexico

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