Advertisement

Applied Nanoscience

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 1569–1577 | Cite as

Zn–Ge–Sb glass composite mixed with Ba2+ ions: a high capacity anode material for Na-ion batteries

  • Balaji Rao Ravuri
  • Suman Gandi
  • Srinivasa Rao Chinta
Original Article

Abstract

(100–x)(0.7[0.625ZnO–0.375GeO2]–0.3Sb2O3)–xBaO (x = 0, 2, 4 and 6 mol%, labeled as ZGSBx) glass anode samples are synthesized using a high-energy ball-milling method and employed as anode material for Na-ion batteries. The results on microstructures (XRD, SEM) and electrochemical properties (constant current charge/discharge tests, CV and EIS) indicated that the optimum concentration of Ba2+ ions in the Zn–Ge–Sb glass anode network exhibits the pillaring effect, which would lead to increased electrical conductivity, minimize the volume changes, cracks and voids to boost up electrochemical performance. The ZGSB4 glass anode sample exhibits good capacity retention even after 20 cycles with ~ 95% coulombic efficiency, which is a significant trend for a successful anode network. Electrochemical performance is considerably enhanced by reducing the cut-off voltage from 2 to 1.25 V due to the disassembly of amorphous intermediate domains, optimum volume changes and increased electrical conductivity in this ZGSBx glass network.

Keywords

Zn–Ge–Sb glass anode network High-energy ball-milling method Na-ion batteries 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Grant-in-Aid for scientific research from the Naval Research Board, DRDO, Govt. of India (Grant No: NRB-311/MAT/13–14).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

References

  1. Dai Z, Mani U, Tan HT, Yan Q (2017) Advanced cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries: what determines our choices? Small Methods 1:1700098.  https://doi.org/10.1002/smtd.201700098 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Guo SP, Li JC, Xu QT, Ma Z, Xue HG (2017) Recent achievements on polyanion-type compounds for sodium-ion batteries: syntheses, crystal chemistry and electrochemical performance. J Power Sources 361:285–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hayashi A, Morimoto H, Nakai M, Tadanaga K, Tatsumisago M (2009) Electrochemical performance of SnO–B2O3–V2O5 glasses as negative electrodes for lithium secondary batteries. Glass Technol Part A 50:273–276Google Scholar
  4. Jamesh MI, Prakash A (2018) Advancement of technology towards developing Na-ion batteries. J Power Sources 378:268–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kim SW, Seo DH, Ma X, Ceder G, Kang K (2012) Electrode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries: potential alternatives to current lithium-ion batteries. Adv Energy Mater 2:710–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kim JH, Jung MJ, Kim MJ, Lee YS (2017) Electrochemical performances of lithium and sodium ion batteries based on carbon materials. J Ind Eng Chem 25:368–380.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2017.12.036 Google Scholar
  7. Lao M, Zhang Y, Luo W, Yan Q, Sun W, Dou SX (2017) Alloy-based anode materials toward advanced sodium-ion batteries. Adv Mater 29(48):1700622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li Y et al (2017) Recent advances of electrode materials for low-cost sodium-ion batteries towards practical application for grid energy storage. Energy Storage Mater 7:130–151.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2017.01.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Liu C, Neale ZG, Cao G (2016) Understanding electrochemical potentials of cathode materials in rechargeable batteries. Mater Today 19:109–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Luo W, Shen F, Bommier C, Zhu H, Ji X, Hu L (2016) Na-ion battery anodes: materials and electrochemistry. Accounts Chem Res 49:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Saienga JE (2005) Optimization of fast ionic conducting glasses for lithium batteries. Dissertations, Iowa State University. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/3046
  12. Su Y et al (2012) Two-dimensional carbon-coated graphene/metal oxide hybrids for enhanced lithium storage. Acs Nano 6:8349–8356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Su H, Jaffer S, Yu H (2016) Transition metal oxides for sodium-ion batteries. Energy Storage Mater 5:116–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Suman G, Rao CS, Ojha PK, Babu MS, Rao RB (2017) Mixed polyanion NaCo1–x(VO)xPO4 glass–ceramic cathode: role of ‘Co’on structural behaviour and electrochemical performance. J Mater Sci 52:5038–5047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Suman G, Srinivasa Rao C, Ojha PK, Babu S, Balaji Rao R (2018) High Na-ion conducting Na1 + x[SnxGe2–x(PO4)3] glass-ceramic electrolytes: structural and electrochemical impedance studies. J Am Ceram Soc 101(1):167–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tang J, Dysart AD, Pol VG (2015) Advancement in sodium-ion rechargeable batteries. Curr Opin Chem Eng 9:34–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tian B, Xiang H, Zhang L, Li Z, Wang H (2010) Niobium doped lithium titanate as a high rate anode material for Li-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 55:5453–5458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang W et al (2018) Structural design of anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7TA10823K Google Scholar
  19. Wu H et al (2013) Sr-doped Li4Ti5O12 as the anode material for lithium-ion batteries. Solid State Ionics 232:13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Xu X et al (2017) Alkaline earth metal vanadates as sodium-ion battery anodes. Nat commun 8:460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yamauchi H, Park G, Nagakane T, Honma T, Komatsu T, Sakai T, Sakamoto A (2013) Performance of lithium-ion battery with tin-phosphate glass anode and its characteristics. J Electrochem Soc 160:A1725-A1730Google Scholar
  22. Yang E, Ji H, Jung Y (2015) Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers as promising sodium-ion battery anodes. J Phys Chem C 119:26374–26380CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Balaji Rao Ravuri
    • 1
  • Suman Gandi
    • 1
  • Srinivasa Rao Chinta
    • 2
  1. 1.High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, School of TechnologyGITAM Deemed to be UniversityHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Naval Materials Research LaboratoryAmbernathIndia

Personalised recommendations