IR spectroscopy study of SBA-15 silicas functionalized with the ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups and their interactions with Ag(I) and Hg(II) ions

  • Inna V. Melnyk
  • Galyna I. Nazarchuk
  • Miroslava Václavíková
  • Yuriy L. Zub
Original Article

Abstract

Mesoporous structure of silica is determined by the type of template, but the introduction of functional groups during the synthesis has additional influence. The structure of SBA-15 may be violated by the introduction of long functions, such as ≡Si(CH2)3NHC(=S)NHC2H5. These ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups can form complexes with metal ions in thiol or thione tautomeric forms. We determined that the 2D hexagonal p6 mm structure is preserved for SBA-15 with thiourea groups at maximal TEOS:trifunctional silane ratio (mol) = 10:2, which was confirmed by TEM and by the presence of an intense reflex in the small-angle region of diffractograms of the final product. It was shown that the obtained sorbents possess high kinetic characteristics. The experimental data fit pseudo-second-order kinetic equation, but the rate constants depend on the content of functional groups in the surface layer. Template Pluronic P-123 defines the porosity of functional mesoporous silica materials even at increasing content of trifunctional silane in the initial solution. Infrared spectroscopy analysis showed that thione form of thiourea ligand is prevalent on the surface of pores of mesoporous samples. However, during the sorption of silver(I) ions, there are both thione and thiol forms on the surface. Thione form is transformed into thiol with increasing concentration of mercury(II) ions in the sorption solution. Adsorption experiments showed that the SBA-15 silicas functionalized with ethylthiocarbamidepropyl groups had high selectivity for silver(I) ions and could concentrate Ag(I) ions from metal ions mixture at pH ~ 2.

Keywords

SBA-15-type mesoporous materials Complexing thiourea groups Thione-thiol tautomerism Ag(I) ions Hg(II) ions Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was funded from the SASPRO Programme No. 1298/03/01.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13204_2018_761_MOESM1_ESM.docx (238 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 238 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inna V. Melnyk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Galyna I. Nazarchuk
    • 1
  • Miroslava Václavíková
    • 2
  • Yuriy L. Zub
    • 1
  1. 1.Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Institute of Geotechnics Slovak Academy of SciencesKosiceSlovak Republic

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