Applied Nanoscience

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 545–555 | Cite as

Multifunctional AgNPs@Wool: colored, UV-protective and antioxidant functional textiles

  • Mohd Shabbir
  • Faqeer Mohammad
Original Article


Nanomaterials have great impact on textile industry for multifunctional and smart clothing as per the need of present, and further, green nanotechnology is the current hotspot of research and industrial developments. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are synthesized (in situ) by using natural compounds of plant extracts (naphthoquinones, phenolics/flavonoids, polyphenols) as reducing or stabilizing agents, and simultaneously deposited on wool fabric for coloration, UV protection and antioxidant properties. UV–visible spectroscopy is used to monitor the route of biosynthesis of nanoparticles and transmission electron microscopy for morphological characteristics of synthesized AgNPs. Spherical and almost oval-shaped AgNPs were synthesized by naphthoquinones, polyphenols and flavonoids, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used for the AgNPs@Wool fabrics characterization. SEM–EDX analysis and XRD patterns confirmed the successful deposition of silver nanoparticles on wool. Coloration characteristics in terms of color strength (K/S) and CIEL*a*b*c*h° values, UV protection abilities in terms of UV transmittance and UV protection factor, and  % antioxidant activity of AgNPs@Wool are suggestive of good-to-excellent results.


Ag nanoparticles Reducing/stabilizing compounds Biosynthesis Coloration UV protection Antioxidant activity 



Mohd Shabbir is highly thankful to University Grants Commission, India, for financial support via BSR (Basic Scientific Research) Fellowship for meritorious students and to Prof. Ren-Cheng Tang, Soochow University, China, for extending testing facilities.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryJamia Millia IslamiaNew DelhiIndia

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