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Symbiosis

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Hysterangium atlanticum sp. nov., forms ectomycorrhizae with Coccoloba species (Polygonaceae) from the Atlantic rainforest of Northeastern Brazil

  • Marcelo A. Sulzbacher
  • Tine Grebenc
  • Eduardo R. Nouhra
  • Admir J. Giachini
  • María P. MartínEmail author
  • Iuri G. Baseia
Article
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

Hysterangium basidiomata were collected associated with Coccoloba alnifolia and C. laevis (Polygonaceae), in the Guaribas Biological Reserve in the Atlantic rainforest, of northeastern Brazil during the rainy seasons of 2012–2013. Based on its unique morphological and molecular traits, this new taxon is described as Hysterangium atlanticum sp. nov. The most prominent morphological characters that separate H. atlanticum from other close relatives are the large size of the basidiomata, the white peridium that rapidly turns greyish-orange to pale-red where bruised or exposed to air, and the ellipsoid to suboblong spores with a minutely verrucose surface. Molecular analyses of the LSU, SSU, atp6, and EF-1α markers were done. The analyses of the concatenated atp6–EF-1α matrix confirmed the placement of the new species in the /hysterangium lineage. Moreover, at the infra-generic level, Hysterangium atlanticum sp. nov. forms a sister clade with Hysterangium sp. from Dicymbe forests located in neighboring Guyana. Moreover, the ectomycorrhizae (EcM) formed by H. atlanticum and roots of Coccoloba species was confirmed, based on identical ITS nrDNA sequences obtained from basidiomata and EcM root tissues. The main conspicuous features of the EcM are: a well-developed plectenchimatous mantle, the ramarioid, abundant emanating hyphae with clamps and covered with crystals, the presence of oleoacanthocystidia, and the whitish rhizomorphs. This is the first report of a Hysterangium species forming EcM with native members of Coccoloba spp. in South America.

Keywords

Ectomycorrhizae Hypogeous fungi Hysterangiales Neotropics Phylogeny 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank to Dr. Reinhard Agerer by his guidance in the studies of ectomycorrhizae and to Dr. Marian Glenn for her kind English revision. This work was supported by CAPES (scholarships No PDSE 99999.004997/2014-00 to the senior author), and also co-financed by the Brazil – Slovenia bilateral project (BI-BR/11-13-005(SRA) / 490648/2010-0 (CNPq)) and the Research Programme Forest Biology, Ecology and Technology (P4-0107) of the Slovenian Research Agency. IGB and MPM thanks to CNPq project PVE 407474/2013-7 and EN CONICET for financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interests.

Supplementary material

13199_2019_617_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
Table S1 (DOCX 26 kb)
13199_2019_617_MOESM2_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Table S2 (DOCX 24 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo A. Sulzbacher
    • 1
  • Tine Grebenc
    • 2
  • Eduardo R. Nouhra
    • 3
  • Admir J. Giachini
    • 4
  • María P. Martín
    • 5
    Email author
  • Iuri G. Baseia
    • 6
  1. 1.Departamento de Micologia/CCBUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Slovenian Forestry InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (CONICET), FCEFyNUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina
  4. 4.Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e ParasitologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Micología, Real Jardín Botánico, RJB-CSICMadridSpain
  6. 6.Departamento de Botânica e ZoologiaUniversidade Federa do Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil

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