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Symbiosis

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Nitrogen fixation by riparian plants belonging to Coriariaceae, Rhamnaceae, and Gunneraceae in Northwest Patagonia

  • Eugenia E. Chaia
  • Kerstin Huss-Danell
  • Luis G. Wall
  • David D. Myrold
Article
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

Nitrogen fixation by symbiotic bacteria associated with different plant species is a key process of natural ecosystems. To better understand the role of native N2-fixing species in the N economy of riparian ecosystems in northwest Patagonia (Argentina), we evaluated: 1) foliar δ15N and N concentrations of actinorhizal Coriaria ruscifolia, Discaria chacaye, and Colletia hystrix, several non-actinorhizal plants (including Gunnera chilensis), and associated soils in riparian forest sites; 2) the proportion of N derived from the atmosphere (Ndfa) of the actinorhizal plant species from riparian forest and of D. chacaye and Ochetophila trinervis from steppe sites; and 3) trends of foliar and soil δ15N and N concentration with mean annual precipitation (MAP). Although soil N concentrations and δ15N did not vary among plant species within any of the sites, foliar N concentration and δ15N differed among species. In general, N2-fixing species had higher foliar N concentrations and δ15N values closer to 0, the atmospheric value. Both variables separated the groups of N2-fixing and non-N2-fixing plant species. Foliar and soil δ15N correlated positively for non-N2-fixing species but not for N2-fixing species. Across all sites, the Ndfa of C. ruscifolia and C. hystrix was ~100%, ~75% for D. chacaye, and ~50% for G. chilensis. For all species, foliar N concentration and soil δ15N was negatively correlated with MAP, but only non-N2-fixing species showed a significant correlation of foliar δ15N with MAP. These data suggest that plant available N decreases as MAP increases but with no effect on N2-fixing species.

Keywords

Actinorhizas Cyanobacterial symbiosis Frankia Mean annual precipitation Ochetophila trinervis. Coriaria ruscifolia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Juan Ochoa for technical help. This work was funded by Universidad Nacional del Comahue (Argentina) and supported by the Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugenia E. Chaia
    • 1
  • Kerstin Huss-Danell
    • 2
  • Luis G. Wall
    • 3
  • David D. Myrold
    • 4
  1. 1.INIBIOMAUniversidad Nacional del Comahue, CONICETBarilocheArgentina
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Research for Northern SwedenSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)UmeåSweden
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad Nacional de QuilmesBernalArgentina
  4. 4.Department of Crop and Soil ScienceOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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