Identification of allergic proteins of Flower tail shrimp (Metapenaeus dobsonii)
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Allergy to seafood mainly fish and shellfish has been reported. Tropomyosin is recognized as a major allergen in many crustaceans especially shrimps. A study was carried out to identify the IgE reactive proteins of allergic nature in Flower tail shrimp (Metapenaeus dobsonii), a frequently consumed shrimp in India mainly in dried form. Protein profiling and identification of IgE reactive proteins in raw and cooked extracts of Flower tail shrimp was carried out by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting using sera of 13 patients having allergic reactions on consumption of shrimp and positive to skin prick test. The IgE binding ability was determined by ELISA and it was found higher in the case of cooked extracts ranging from 0.244 to 0.440 at 490 nm. The SDS-PAGE of raw extract revealed many protein bands between 205 and 6.5 KDa, while in the case of cooked extracts bands of 36, 20, 29 and 70 KDa were prominent. Heat resistant protein of 37 KDa, tropomyosin was showing a clear immune reaction both in the case of raw and cooked extracts was identified as the major allergen by all the patient sera. The minor proteins of raw extract identified by immune reaction are 50, 75 and 100 KDa. The identified allergen can be used for the diagnosis and management of shrimp allergy.
KeywordsFood allergen Flower tail shrimp Immunoblotting Tropomyosin
This research work was completed with the support of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India. The authors are extremely thankful to the Director, Indian council of Agriculture Research-Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT), Cochin for providing facilities and support to undertake this work.
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