Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp 2545–2552 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of carrageenan/silver nanoparticles/Laponite nanocomposite coating on oxygen plasma surface modified polypropylene for food packaging

  • M. VishnuvarthananEmail author
  • N. Rajeswari
Original Article


In this work, the nano composites of carrageenan/AgNPs/Laponite were prepared and coated on the oxygen plasma surface modified polypropylene film to enhance the barrier and adhesion properties. The mechanical, barrier, adhesion and antimicrobial properties were also studied to use for food packaging applications. The polypropylene film was surface modified with oxygen plasma treatment for 60 s. The AgNPs are prepared by green synthesis method from the Digitalis purpurea plant. Then the carrageenan based nanocomposites were coated by roller coating method with the thickness of 24 μm. By using scanning electron microscopy, the morphology of the coating was investigated. The Laponite and AgNPs dispersion was analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis. The tensile and adhesion strength of the coated film was increased and the OTR and WVTR were decreased after the incorporation of Laponite and AgNPs. It exhibited the strong antimicrobial activity against the E. coli and S. aureus.


Carrageenan Laponite AgNPs Plasma treatment Adhesion 


Supplementary material

13197_2019_3735_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (25 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 24 kb)


  1. Abreu AS, Oliveira M, De Sa A, Rodrigues RM, Cerqueira MA, Vicente AA, Machado AV (2015) Antimicrobial nanostructured starch based films for packaging. Carbohydr Polym 129:127–134. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alboofetileh M, Rezaei M, Hosseini H, Abdollahi M (2016) Efficacy of activated alginate-based nanocomposite films to control Listeria monocytogenes and spoilage flora in rainbow trout slice. J Food Sci Technol 53(1):521–530. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arfat YA, Benjakul S, Vongkamjan K, Sumpavapol P, Yarnpakdee S (2015) Shelf-life extension of refrigerated sea bass slices wrapped with fish protein isolate/fish skin gelatin-ZnO nanocomposite film incorporated with basil leaf essential oil. J Food Sci Technol 52(10):6182–6193. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armentano I, Bitinis N, Fortunati E, Mattioli S, Rescignano N, Verdejo R, Lopez-Manchado MA, Kenny JM (2013) Multifunctional nanostructured PLA materials for packaging and tissue engineering. Prog Polym Sci 38:1720–1747. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bora A, Mishra P (2016) Characterization of casein and casein-silver conjugated nanoparticle containing multifunctional (pectin–sodium alginate/casein) bilayer film. J Food Sci Technol 53(10):3704–3714. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Duncan TV (2011) Applications of nanotechnology in food packaging and food safety: barrier materials, antimicrobials and sensors. J Colloid Interface Sci 363:1–24. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ebrahimiasl S, Rajabpour A (2015) Synthesis and characterization of novel bactericidal Cu/HPMC BNCs using chemical reduction method for food packaging. J Food Sci Technol 52(9):5982–5988. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gaharwar AK, Rivera CP, Wu CJ, Schmidt G (2011) Transparent, elastomeric and tough hydrogels from poly(ethylene glycol) and silicate nanoparticles. Acta Biomater 7:4139–4148. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hezaveh H, Muhamad II (2013) Modification and swelling kinetic study of kappa-carrageenan-based hydrogel for controlled release study. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 44:182–191. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jafarzadeh S, Alias AK, Ariffin F, Mahmud S, Najafi A, Ahmad M (2017) Fabrication and characterization of novel semolina-based antimicrobial films derived from the combination of ZnO nanorods and nanokaolin. J Food Sci Technol 54(1):105–113. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kanmani P, Rhim JW (2014) Physical, mechanical and antimicrobial properties of gelatin based active nanocomposite films containing AgNPs and nanoclay. Food Hydrocolloids 35:644–652. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kasirga Y, Oral A, Caner C (2012) Preparation and characterization of chitosan/montmorillonite/K10 nanocomposites films for food packaging applications. Polym Compos 33:1874–1882. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lamareerat B, Singh M, Sadiq MB, Anal AK (2018) Reinforced cassava starch based edible film incorporated with essential oil and sodium bentonite nanoclay as food packaging material. J Food Sci Technol 55(5):1953–1959. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Llorens A, Lloret E, Picouet PA, Trbojevich R, Fernandez A (2012) Metallic-based micro and nanocomposites in food contact materials and active food packaging. Trends Food Sci Technol 24:19–29. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Martins JT, Bourbon AI, Pinheiro AC, Souza BW, Cerqueira MA, Vicente AA (2013) Biocomposite films based on κ-carrageenan/locust bean gum blends and clays: physical and antimicrobial properties. Food Bioprocess Technol 6:2081–2092. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Morones JR, Elechiguerra JL, Camacho A, Holt K, Kouri JB, Ramírez JT, Yacaman MJ (2005) The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology 16:2346. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nagarajan M, Benjakul S, Prodpran T, Songtipya P (2015) Properties and characteristics of nanocomposite films from tilapia skin gelatin incorporated with ethanolic extract from coconut husk. J Food Sci Technol 52(12):7669–76682. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ojijo V, Ray SS (2013) Processing strategies in bionanocomposites. Prog Polym Sci 38:1543–1589. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Orsuwan A, Shankar S, Wang LF, Sothornvit R, Rhim JW (2017) One-step preparation of banana powder/silver nanoparticles composite films. J Food Sci Technol 54(2):497–506. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paula GA, Benevides NM, Cunha AP, de Oliveira AV, Pinto AM, Morais JPS, Azeredo HM (2015) Development and characterization of edible films from mixtures of κ-carrageenan, ι-carrageenan, and alginate. Food Hydrocolloids 47:140–145. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Reddy MM, Vivekanandhan S, Misra M, Bhatia SK, Mohanty AK (2013) Biobased plastics and bionanocomposites: current status and future opportunities. Prog Polym Sci 38:1653–1689. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rhim JW, Wang LF (2013) Mechanical and water barrier properties of agar/κ-carrageenan/konjac glucomannan ternary blend biohydrogel films. Carbohydr Polym 96:71–81. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rhim JW, Wang LF (2014) Preparation and characterization of carrageenan-based nanocomposite films reinforced with clay mineral and silver nanoparticles. Appl Clay Sci 97:174–181. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh PK, Jairath G, Ahlawat SS (2016) Nanotechnology: a future tool to improve quality and safety in meat industry. J Food Sci Technol 53(4):1739–1749. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vishnuvarthanan M, Rajeswari N (2015) Effect of mechanical, barrier and adhesion properties on oxygen plasma surface modified PP. Innov Food Sci Emerg Technol 30:119–126. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vishnuvarthanan M, Rajeswari N (2017) Plant mediated greener approach for synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Digitalis purpurea plant and its antibacterial activity. Int J Nanopart 9:166–179. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vishnuvarthanan M, Rajeswari N (2018) Food packaging: pectin–laponite–Ag nanoparticle bionanocomposite coated on polypropylene shows low O2 transmission, low Ag migration and high antimicrobial activity. Environ Chem Lett. Google Scholar
  28. Zolfi M, Khodaiyan F, Mousavi M, Hashemi M (2015) Characterization of the new biodegradable WPI/clay nanocomposite films based on kefiran exopolysaccharide. J Food Sci Technol 52(6):3485–3493. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Printing Technology, College of Engineering, GuindyAnna UniversityChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations