Advertisement

Influence of pre-harvest sprays of calcium nitrate on storability and quality attributes of plum fruits

  • Aeshna SinhaEmail author
  • S. K. Jawandha
  • P. P. S. Gill
  • Harminder Singh
Original Article

Abstract

The effects of pre-harvest applications of calcium nitrate at different concentrations were investigated on storability and quality attributes of plum fruits under low temperature storage. Uniform and healthy trees of plum cv. Satluj Purple were sprayed with calcium nitrate (1.0%, 1.5% and 2.0%) in 2nd and 3rd week of April and control trees were water sprayed only. Fruits from treated and control trees were harvested at colour break stage, and then stored at low temperature conditions (0–1 °C and 90–95% RH) for 35 days. Evaluation of physico-chemical parameters and enzymatic activities were made on the day of harvest and after 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days of storage. The colour of the fruits with respect to a* and b* values (green–red and blue–yellow spectrum, respectively) improved progressively up to 35 days of storage, whereas, fruit firmness decreased. Total sugars and pectin methylesterase (PME) and cellulase activities increased up to 28 days of storage before showing a declining trend. Two superimposed sprays of calcium nitrate (2.0%) enhanced the storage life of plum fruits up to 28 days by reducing physiological loss in weight (PLW), PME and cellulase activities, delaying development of fruit colour & anthocyanin and retaining sensory quality, firmness and total sugars in plum fruits.

Keywords

Anthocyanin Cellulase Fruit firmness Plum PME Total sugars 

Notes

References

  1. Agusti M, Juan M, Martinez-Fuentes A, Mesejo C, Almela V (2004) Calcium nitrate delays climacteric of persimmon fruit. Ann Appl Biol 144:65–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alandes L, Perez I, Llarca E, Quiles A, Hernondo I (2009) Use of calcium lactate to improve structure of ‘Flor de Invierno’ fresh cut pears. Postharvest Biol Technol 53:145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alcaraz-Lopez C, Botia M, Alcaraz CF, Riquelme F (2004) Effect of foliar sprays containing calcium, magnesium and titanium on peach (Prunus persica L.) fruit quality. J Sci Food Agric 84:949–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alonso J, Howell N, Canet W (1997) Purification and characterization of two pectin methylesterse from persimmon (Diospyros kaki). J Sci Food Agric 75:352–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amal SH, El-Mogy MM, Aboul-Anean HE, Alsanius BW (2010) Improving strawberry fruit storability by edible coating as a carrier of thymol or calcium chloride. J Hortic Sci Ornam Plants 2:88–97Google Scholar
  6. Amerine MA, Pangborn RM, Roessler EB (1965) Principles of sensory evaluation of food. Academic press, London, p 5Google Scholar
  7. Bal E (2013) Postharvest application of chitosan and low temperature storage affect respiration rate and quality of plum fruits. J Agric Sci Technol 15:1219–1230Google Scholar
  8. Bhat MY, Ahsan H, Banday FA, Dar MA, Wani I, Hassan GI (2012) Effect of harvest dates, pre harvest calcium sprays and storage period on physico-chemical characteristics of pear cv. Bartlett. J Agric Res Dev 2:101–106Google Scholar
  9. Biggs AR (1999) Effects of calcium salts on apple bitter rot caused by two Colletotrichum spp. Plant Dis 83:1001–1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chardonnet CO, Charron CS, Sams CE, Conway WS (2003) Chemical changes in the cortical tissue and cell walls of calcium-infiltrated ‘Golden Delicious’ apples during storage. Postharvest Biol Technol 28:97–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dabuxilatu IM (2005) Interactive effect of salinity and supplemental calcium application on growth and ionic concentration of soybean and cucumber plants. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 51:549–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elhassan SYM (2016) Role of cellulase enzyme in fruit softening during muskmelon fruit ripening. Am J Sci Ind Res 7:98–105Google Scholar
  13. Faust M (1989) Utilization of major nutrients by fruit trees. In: Physiology of temperate zone fruit trees. Wiley, New York, pp 83–95Google Scholar
  14. Goutam M, Dhaliwal HS, Mahajan BVC (2010) Effect of pre-harvest calcium sprays on post-harvest life of winter guava (Psidium guajava L.). J Food Sci Technol 47:501–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hansford R (1994) Role of calcium in respiratory control. Med Sci Sports Exerc 26:44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hunter S (1975) The measurement of appearance. Wiley, New York, pp 304–305Google Scholar
  17. Jawandha SK, Randhawa JS, Gill PPS, Singh J (2008) Effect of post-harvest treatment on storage quality in ‘Umran’ ber fruit. J Hortic Sci 3:48–52Google Scholar
  18. Jawandha SK, Mahajan BVC, Gill PPS (2009) Effect of pre-harvest treatments on the cellulase activity and quality of ber fruits under cold storage. Not Sci Biol 46:88–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jawandha SK, Gupta N, Randhawa JS (2012) Effect of post-harvest treatments on enzyme activity and quality of cold stored ber fruit. Not Sci Biol 4:86–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jayachandran KS, Srihari D, Reddy RY (2005) Pre-harvest sprays of different sources of calcium to improve the shelf life of guava. Indian J Hortic 62:68–70Google Scholar
  21. Kalloo G (2003) Production technology for promoting export potential of horticultural crops. Indian Hortic 48:6–11Google Scholar
  22. Kays SJ (1997) Postharvest physiology of perishable plant product. Exon Press, AthensGoogle Scholar
  23. Madani B, Muda Mohamed MT, Biggs AR, Kadir J, Awang Y, Tayebimeigooni A, Shojaei TR (2014) Effect of pre-harvest calcium chloride applications on fruit calcium level and post-harvest anthracnose disease of papaya. Crop Prot 55:55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mahadevan A, Sridhar R (1982) Methods in physiological plant pathology. Sivagami Pub, MadrasGoogle Scholar
  25. Mahajan BVC (1994) Biochemical and enzymatic changes in apple during cold storage. J Food Sci Technol 31:142–144Google Scholar
  26. Mahajan BVC, Dhatt AS (2004) Effect of post-harvest treatments on the quality and storage behaviour of subtropical plum cv. Satluj Purple. Acta Hortic (ISHS) 662:379–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Majeed R, Jawandha SK (2016) Enzymatic changes in plum (Prunus salicina L.) subjected to some chemical treatments and cold storage. J Food Sci Technol 53:2372–2379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Manganaris GA, Vasilakakis M, Diamantidis G, Mignani I (2005) Cell wall cationic composition and distribution in chilling-injured nectarine fruit. Postharvest Biol Technol 37:72–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Manganaris GA, Vasilakakis M, Diamantidis G, Mignani I (2007) The effect of post-harvest calcium application on tissue calcium concentration, quality attributes, incidence of flesh browning an cell wall physicochemical aspects of peach fruits. Food Chem 100:1385–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Manganaris GA, Vicente AR, Crisosto CH (2008) Effect of pre-harvest and post- harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality. CAB reviews: perspectives in agriculture, veterinary science, nutrition and natural resources, pp 1–9Google Scholar
  31. Pasquariello MS, Rega P, Migliozzi T, Capuano LR, Scortichini M, Petriccione M (2013) Effect of cold storage and shelf life on physiological and quality traits of early ripening pear cultivars. Sci Hortic 162:341–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Patel N, Naik AG, Arbat Shakti S (2011) Response of post-harvest chemical treatments on shelf-life and quality of custard apple cv. Balanagar. Ind J Hortic 68:547–550Google Scholar
  33. Ranganna S (1986) Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetables, 2nd edn. Tata McGraw-Hill publishing company limited, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  34. Rombaldi CV, Silva JA, Machado LD, Parussolo A, Kaster LC, Girardi CL, Danieli R (2001) Harvesting stage and cold storage influences on the quality of Chiripa peaches (Prunus persica L.). Cienc Rural 31:19–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Serrano M, Martinez-Romero D, Castillo S, Guillen F, Valero D (2004) Effect of pre-harvest sprays containing calcium, magnesium and titanium on the quality of peaches and nectarines at harvest and during post-harvest storage. J Sci Food Agric 84:1270–1276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sharma S, Sharma RR, Pal RK (2013) Effect of ethylene absorbents on compression injury and quality of ‘Santa Rosa’ Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) during transportation. Indian J Agric Sci 83:223–226Google Scholar
  37. Sharples RO, Johnson DS (1976) Post-harvest chemical treatments for the control of storage disorders of apples. Ann Appl Biol 83:157–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Siddiqui S, Bangerth F (1995) Differential effect of calcium and strontium on flesh firmness and properties of cell wall in apple. J Hortic Sci 70:949–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Singh JP, Mandal BK (2000) Role of wrappers and post-harvest application of calcium nitrate on the storage behaviour of sub-tropical litchi cv Manaraji. J App Biol 10:37–42Google Scholar
  40. Singh BP, Gupta OP, Chauhan KS (1982) Effect of preharvest calcium nitrate on the storage of peach fruits. J Agric Sci 4:235–239Google Scholar
  41. Singh SK, Singh RS, Awasthi OP (2013) Influence of pre- and post-harvest treatments on shelf life and quality attributes of ber fruits. Indian J Hortic 70:610–613Google Scholar
  42. Steffens CA, Amarante CVD, Erlani OA, Brackmann A (2013) Fruit quality preservation of ‘Laetita’ plums under controlled atmosphere storage. An Acad Brasil Cienc 86:485–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Turmanidze T, Gulua L, Jgenti M, Wicker L (2016) Effect of calcium chloride treatments on quality characteristics of Blackberry, Raspberry and Strawberry fruits after cold storage. Turk J Agric Food Sci Technol 4:1127–1133Google Scholar
  44. Wilford LE, Sabarez H, Price WE (1997) Kinetics of carbohydrate change during dehydration of d’Agen Prunes. Food Chem 59:149–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wills R, McGlasson B, Graham D, Joyce D (1998) Postharvest. In: An introduction to the physiology and handling of fruit, vegetables and ornamentals, 4th edn. CAB International, Wallingford, p 262Google Scholar
  46. Wojcik P, Lewandowski M (2003) Effect of calcium and boron sprays on yield and quality of ‘Elsanta’ strawberry. J Plant Nutr 26:671–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zheng XL, Tian SP (2006) Effect of oxalic acid on control of postharvest browning of litchi fruit. Food Chem 96:519–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fruit SciencePunjab Agricultural University PAULudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations