NMR-based and chemometric approaches applicable to adulteration studies for assessment of the botanical origin of edible oils
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The health benefits of edible oils, especially promoted by ω3 and ω9 fatty acids, have been associated with their botanical origin. In order to investigate fatty acid profiles, we assessed Brazil nut, chia, linseed, sesame (toasted and raw), and soybean oils by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and chemometrics. PCA plots revealed important relationships between chemical composition and botanical origin for reference and commercial samples. Strong evidence of commercial Brazil nut oil adulteration was confirmed using a spiking procedure. Our findings show that NMR and chemometrics are successful tools for correlating fatty acid profile with botanical origin, which can be suitable for detecting sample adulteration.
KeywordsFatty acids Edible oils Quality control NMR Chemometric analysis
This work was supported by the Programa de Educação Tutorial (PET-Química/UFMS) and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Grant Number 481507/2013-2. Luciana Marçal Ravaglia is grateful to UFMS for the support received for her doctorate course.
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