Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 1960–1965 | Cite as

Effects of gamma irradiation on tropomyosin allergen, proximate composition and mineral elements in giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii)

  • Wipawan Muanghorn
  • Nattaya Konsue
  • Hasan Sham
  • Zainon Othman
  • Faizal Mohamed
  • Noramaliza Mohd Noor
  • Norsyafiqah Othman
  • Nur Shamin Shyamimi Mohd Noor Akmal
  • Nurulhuda Ahmad Fauzi
  • Mary Margaret Packiamuthu Dewaprigam Solomen
  • Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
Short Communication

Abstract

Effects of food irradiation on allergen and nutritional composition of giant freshwater prawn are not well documented. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of gamma irradiation on tropomyosin allergen, proximate composition, and mineral elements in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In this study, prawn was peeled, cut into small pieces, vacuum packaged and gamma irradiated at 0, 5, 7, 10 and 15 kGy with a dose rate of 0.5 kGy/h using cobalt-60 as the source, subsequently determined the level of tropomyosin, proximate composition and mineral elements respectively. The results showed that band density of tropomyosin irradiated at 10 and 15 kGy is markedly decreased. Proximate analysis revealed that moisture, protein, and carbohydrate content were significantly different as compared with non-irradiated prawn. Meanwhile, gamma irradiated M. rosenbergii at 15 kGy was observed to be significantly higher in nickel and zinc than the non-irradiated prawn. The findings provide a new information that food irradiation may affect the tropomyosin allergen, proximate composition and mineral elements of the prawn.

Keywords

Gamma irradiation Giant freshwater prawn Tropomyosin Proximate composition Mineral elements 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge Mr Mustaqim from Department of Nuclear Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia for helping us with Gamma Cell. This work was supported by Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) under Putra Grant [GP-IPS/2013/9395800].

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wipawan Muanghorn
    • 1
  • Nattaya Konsue
    • 1
  • Hasan Sham
    • 2
  • Zainon Othman
    • 2
  • Faizal Mohamed
    • 3
  • Noramaliza Mohd Noor
    • 4
  • Norsyafiqah Othman
    • 5
  • Nur Shamin Shyamimi Mohd Noor Akmal
    • 5
  • Nurulhuda Ahmad Fauzi
    • 5
  • Mary Margaret Packiamuthu Dewaprigam Solomen
    • 5
  • Ahmad Faizal Abdull Razis
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Food Science Technology Program, School of Agro-IndustryMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  2. 2.Malaysian Nuclear AgencyKajang, BangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear Science, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Imaging, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  5. 5.Faculty of Food Science and TechnologyUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  6. 6.Laboratory of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of BioscienceUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  7. 7.Laboratory of Food Safety and Food Integrity, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food SecurityUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia

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