Purple head broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck), a functional food crop for antioxidant and anticancer potential
Natural foods are used in many folks and household treatments and have immense potential to treat a serious complication and health benefits, in addition to the basic nutritional values. These food products improve health, delay the aging process, increase life expectancy, and possibly prevent chronic diseases. Purple head Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck is one of such foods and in current studies was explored for chemical compounds at different development stages by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Antioxidant potential was explored employing different assays like molybdate ion reduction, DPPH, superoxide anion radical scavenging and plasmid nicking assay. Inspired by antioxidant activity results, we further explored these extracts for antiproliferative potential by morphological changes, cell cycle analysis, measurement of intracellular peroxides and mitochondrial membrane potential changes. Current study provides the scientific basis for the use of broccoli as easily affordable potent functional food.
KeywordsBroccoli Antioxidant assay Cell cycle ROS GC–MS MTT Apoptosis
Palam Vichitra seeds
Palam Vichitra 3 day sprout
Palam Vichitra 5 day sprout
Palam Vichitra 7 day sprout
Palam Vichitra leaves
Palam Vichitra floret
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support received from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi (38(1193)/08/EMR-П) and CEPEPA (UGC). The authors are also grateful to Director, CSIR-IHBT-Palampur for providing GC–MS facilities.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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