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Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 53, Issue 5, pp 2185–2195 | Cite as

Promising features of mango (Mangifera indica L.) kernel oil: a review

  • Muhammad NadeemEmail author
  • Muhammad Imran
  • Anjum Khalique
Review

Abstract

Mango kernel contains about 15 % good quality edible oil, that is comparable to soybean and cottonseed, which contain about 18–20 % oil. Mango kernel oil (MKO) has lower free fatty acids, carotenoid content and peroxide value, and is usually used without any processing, which is otherwise mandatory for commercial vegetable oils. Palmitic, stearic and oleic acids are the major fatty acids, triglyceride composition and fatty acid profile suggest wide range of trans free options. With 32–36 °C melting point, MKO is solid at room temperature, thus, does not require partial hydrogenation for application in foods. MKO can be used as an alternative of cocoa butter, which is used in chocolates and confectionaries. Total phenolic contents and induction period of MKO is greater than many commercial vegetable oils; thus, it can be used as an alternative of synthetic antioxidants for the preservation of fats and oils. Mangiferin, chlorogenic acid, quercetin and caffeic acid are the major phenolic compounds present in MKO. Functional properties of MKO can be further improved through fractionation, transesterification and interesterification for increased industrial applications.

Keywords

Mango kernel oil Nutritional value Fatty acid composition Antioxidant characteristics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are obliged to all the researchers, scientists and contributors whose work has been included in this review. Financial assistance for this work was provided by Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (ALP).

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Nadeem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Imran
    • 2
  • Anjum Khalique
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Dairy TechnologyUniversity of Veterinary and Animal Sciences LahoreLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Food Science, Nutrition & Home Economics Institute of Home and Food Sciences Faculty of Science and TechnologyGovernment College University FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Animal NutritionUniversity of Veterinary and Animal Sciences LahoreLahorePakistan

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