Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 53, Issue 5, pp 2149–2157 | Cite as

Functional characteristics, nutritional value and industrial applications of Madhuca longifolia seeds: an overview

  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
  • Adel Abdelrazek Abdelazim Mohdaly
  • Adel M. A. Assiri
  • Monier Tadros
  • Bernd Niemeyer


New sustainable edible oil sources are desired to achieve supply chain flexibility and cost saving opportunities. Non-traditional fruit seeds are being considered because their constituents have unique chemical properties and may augment the supply of nutritional and functional products. Madhuca longifolia Syn. M. indica (Sapotaceae) is an important economic tree growing throughout the subtropical region of the Indo-Pak subcontinent. Information concerning the exact composition of mahua butter (known also as mowrah butter) from fruit-seeds of buttercup or Madhuca tree is scare. Few studies investigated mahua butter for its composition, nutritional value, biological activities and antioxidative properties. In consideration of potential utilization, detailed knowledge on the chemical composition, nutritional value and industrial applications of mahua butter is of major importance. The diversity of applications to which mahua butter can be put gives this substance great industrial importance. This review summarizes recent knowledge on bioactive compounds, functional properties as well as food and non-food industrial applications of mahua butter.

Graphical abstract


Mowrah butter Buttercup tree Seed cake Fatty acids Sterols Tocopherols Biodiesel 


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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
    • 1
  • Adel Abdelrazek Abdelazim Mohdaly
    • 2
  • Adel M. A. Assiri
    • 3
  • Monier Tadros
    • 4
  • Bernd Niemeyer
    • 5
  1. 1.Agricultural Biochemistry Department, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of AgricultureFayoum UniversityFayoumEgypt
  3. 3.Biochemistry Department, Faculty of MedicineUmm Al-Qura UniversityMakkahKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4.Internationales Laboratorium fuer Biotechnologie und Consulting (ILBC GmbH)PotsdamGermany
  5. 5.Process Engineering, Especially Separation TechnologiesHelmut-Schmidt-University HamburgHamburgGermany

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