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Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 1–18 | Cite as

Sprout suppression on potato: need to look beyond CIPC for more effective and safer alternatives

  • Vijay Paul
  • R. Ezekiel
  • Rakesh Pandey
Review

Abstract

World over, potatoes are being stored at 8–12 °C (85–90 % RH). This is the most common way of long-term (up to 6 to 9 months) storage of potatoes. The benefit of storing the potatoes within the temperature range of 8–12 °C is minimum accumulation of sugars in stored potato tubers. In sub-temperate, sub-tropical and tropical countries of the world, short-term (3 to 4 months) storage of potatoes is being done by non-refrigerated traditional/on-farm methods. These short- and long-term storage methods keep the stored potatoes suitable not only for table purpose but also for processing. However, once the natural dormancy period of potato is over, the prevailing temperatures in these storage methods favour sprouting and sprout growth. Therefore, use of some sprout suppressant to check the sprout growth becomes essential under these methods of potato storage. CIPC [Isopropyl N-(3-chlorophenyl) carbamate] is the most wide spread and commonly used sprout suppressant on potatoes. CIPC has been in use for more than 50 years and research carried out over such a long period use of CIPC has not only enhanced our understanding of its properties and chemistry but also about the production and toxicological status of its metabolites/degradation products. Today, various safety issues and concerns have surfaced primarily due to continuous and long-term use of CIPC. This review presents an appraisal on CIPC and explains the reasons for the long-time dependence on this chemical as a potato sprout suppressant. Issues like maximum residue limit and acceptable daily intake limit are being discussed for CIPC. This article brings an update on practical aspects of potato storage, residue levels of CIPC, efficacy of CIPC as sprout suppressant and health and environmental safety issues linked with CIPC and its metabolites. The aim of this article is to find possible solutions, way outs and future plans that can make the sprout suppression of potatoes safer and more risk free.

Keywords

ADIL CIPC Metabolite toxicity MRL Potato Potato storage Residue Safety issues Sprout suppressant 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors wish to convey sincere thanks to Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI), Shimla, India; Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India and the ICAR, the parent organization, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. Thanks are due to the financial support provided by CPRI for the Institute Research Programme “Development of efficient potato storage methods [P1-1999/16-IPR-F-60/0210] under the Mega Project “Evaluation and improvement of traditional and modern potato storage methods”. We further wish to acknowledge the support received from the Department of Food Processing, Ministry of Agriculture for the project “

Demonstration and training to potato processing industries of improved storage technology for potatoes meant for processing purposes” and another project ”Monitoring of quality of CIPC-treated potatoes stored at 10–12 °C for export and processing” which was jointly funded by NHB and APEDA. We put forward our apologies and regret for not citing all the relevant work and literature due to limitation of space.

Conflicts of interest statement

The author’s declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Contributions by the authors

VP and RE contributed to research and writing while, RP contributed in writing and updating the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Potato Research Institute-CampusMeerutIndia
  2. 2.Crop Physiology and Post-Harvest TechnologyCentral Potato Research Institute (CPRI)ShimlaIndia
  3. 3.Division of Plant PhysiologyIndian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)New DelhiIndia
  4. 4.National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP)New DelhiIndia

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