Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 52, Issue 11, pp 7329–7336 | Cite as

Physicochemical, bioactive and functional evaluation of the exotic fruits Opuntia ficus-indica AND Pilosocereus pachycladus Ritter from the Brazilian caatinga

  • Rosane Liége Alves de Souza
  • Maristela F. S. Santana
  • Edangelo M. S. de Macedo
  • Edy Sousa de Brito
  • Roberta T. P. Correia
Original Article

Abstract

The Brazilian caatinga is characterized as one of the most populated and biologically diverse semi-arid regions in the world. Two exotic fruits collected in this unique bioma, the prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) and facheiro (Philosocereus pachycladus Ritter), were investigated in regard to their physicochemical, bioactive and functional characteristics. Four different extracts were prepared and investigated: water (W), ethanol/water 70:100 (E70), ethanol/water 80:100 (E80), and ethanol only (E100). The betalain compounds were investigated using the LC-DAD-ESI-MS technique. The prickly pear fruits are sweeter and less acidic when compared to facheiro fruits, but they also have lower total solids, ash and protein. The total phenolic content (TPC) of water and ethanolic extracts ranged from 8.89 to 12.34 mg GAE/100 g and 82.23 to 107.67 mg GAE/100 g for Opuntia and facheiro fruits, respectively. The identification of betanin and isobetanin derivatives, as well as the TPC, antioxidant and antienzymatic activities of facheiro fruits were reported for the first time. All extracts presented some degree of alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase inhibition, with the exception of the facheiro water extracts.

Keywords

Caatinga Cactaceae fruits Phenolics Betalains 

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosane Liége Alves de Souza
    • 1
  • Maristela F. S. Santana
    • 2
  • Edangelo M. S. de Macedo
    • 3
  • Edy Sousa de Brito
    • 3
  • Roberta T. P. Correia
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Food Bioactive Compounds, Chemical Engineering DepartmentFederal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Tecnologia da Informação Renato ArcherMinistério da Ciência, Tecnologia e InovaçãoFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.EMBRAPA – Postharvest Physiology and Technology LaboratoryEmbrapa Tropical AgroindustryFortalezaBrazil

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