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Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1633–1653 | Cite as

Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food

  • Ankit GoyalEmail author
  • Vivek Sharma
  • Neelam Upadhyay
  • Sandeep Gill
  • Manvesh Sihag
Review

Abstract

Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. Flax protein helps in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and in supporting the immune system. As a functional food ingredient, flax or flaxseed oil has been incorporated into baked foods, juices, milk and dairy products, muffins, dry pasta products, macaroni and meat products. The present review focuses on the evidences of the potential health benefits of flaxseed through human and animals’ recent studies and commercial use in various food products.

Keywords

Flaxseed α-linolenic acid Lignans Health benefits Bakery products 

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ankit Goyal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vivek Sharma
    • 1
  • Neelam Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Sandeep Gill
    • 2
  • Manvesh Sihag
    • 1
  1. 1.Dairy Chemistry DivisionNational Dairy Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  2. 2.BITS PilaniHyderabadIndia

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