Advertisement

Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 51, Issue 11, pp 3244–3252 | Cite as

Design and develop a nondestructive infrared spectroscopy instrument for assessment of mango (Mangifera indica) quality

  • Basem Abu Izneid
  • M. I. Fadhel
  • Tareq Al-kharazi
  • Malek Ali
  • Souiyah Miloud
Original Article

Abstract

A portable infrared spectroscopy system has been designed and developed for assessment of quality of mango fruit. This paper describes the design and development of a fruit quality grading device using reflectance mode optical sensor. The experiment was conducted to obtain the best results from the system and the device was correlated according to the measured output. In the experiment, several samples of mango fruits have been monitored for six days to study the relation how fruit quality increases with time as fruit ripens. Between the unripe mango fruit and the ripest one, a range of 3.5 V to 4.2 V was measured by the developed system. The rate of quality increase was calculated as an average of 6.7 mV per day. These results were used to correlate the final hardware and software development of the device. The results demonstrate that, portable near infrared spectroscopy is feasible for evaluating mango quality non-destructively.

Keywords

Automatic sorting of fruits NIR spectroscopy Nondestructive technique Mango quality Post harvest assessment 

Abbreviations

AC

Alternating current

A/D

Analogue to digital

Av

Voltage gain

°C

Degree Celsius

DC

Direct current

FAD

Fruit assessment device

IR

Infrared

JFET

Junction field-effect transistor

LCD

Liquid crystal display

LED

Light-emitting diode

mV

Milli-volts

μm

Micrometers

NIR

Near infrared (750–2500 nm)

NIRS

Near infrared spectroscopy

nm

Nanometers

Vo

Output voltage

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to the Faculty of Health Science & Biomedical Engineering, UTM University for providing the necessary facilities and equipments for the fabrication and testing. This work is supported by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE), vote number 05J75. Research University Grant, Scheme Tier 2 (PY/2012/00264) sanctioned by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

References

  1. Antihus HG, He Y, Pereira AG (2006) Non-destructive measurement of acidity, solublesolids and firmness of Satsuma mandarin using Vis/NIR-spectroscopy techniques. J Food Eng 77:313–319. doi: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.06.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bally ISE (2006) Mangifera Indica (mango), Anacardiaceae (cashew family). Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry, April 2006. (1–25)Google Scholar
  3. Carlini P, Massantini R, Mencarelli F (2000) Vis-NIR measurement of soluble solids in cherry and apricot by PLS regression and wavelength selection. J Agric Food Chem 48:5236–5242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Choi K-H, Lee K-J, Kim G (2011) Nondestructive quality evaluation technology for fruits and vegetables using near-infrared spectroscopy. National Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Rural Development Administration, 249 Seodun-don, Suwon, Republic of KOREA, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  5. Fairuz A, Zubir M (2009) Optical sensor in the measurement of fruits quality: a review on an innovative approach. Int J Comp Elect Eng 1:557–561Google Scholar
  6. Fan G, Zha J, Du R, Gao L (2009) Determination of soluble solids and firmness of apples by Vis/NIRtransmittance. J Food Eng 93(4):416–420. doi: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2009.02.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Liew CY, Lau CY (2012) Determination of quality parameters in Cavendish banana during ripening by NIR spectroscopy. Int Food Res J 19:751–758Google Scholar
  8. Lin H, Ying Y (2009) Theory and application of near-infrared spectroscopy in assessment of fruit quality: a review. Sens Instrum Food Qual Safety 3:130–141. doi: 10.1007/s11694-009-9079-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Moghimi A, Aghkhani MH, Sazgarnia A, Sarmad M (2010) Vis/NIR spectroscopy and chemometrics for the prediction of solublesolids content and acidity (pH) of kiwifruit. Biosyst Eng 106:295–302. doi: 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2010.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tian H-q, Ying Y-b, Hui-shan L, Xia-ping F, Hai-yan Y (2007) Measurement of soluble solids content in watermelon by Vis/NIR diffuse transmittance technique. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 8:105–110. doi: 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0105 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health Science & Biomedical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohorMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyMultimedia UniversityMelakaMalaysia

Personalised recommendations