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Journal of Food Science and Technology

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 521–529 | Cite as

Potential use of peanut by-products in food processing: a review

  • Xiaoyan Zhao
  • Jun Chen
  • Fangling DuEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Peanut is one of the most important oil and protein producing crops in the world. Yet the amounts of peanut processing by-products containing proteins, fiber and polyphenolics are staggering. With the environmental awareness and scarcity of space for landfilling, wastes/by-product utilization has become an attractive alternative to disposal. Several peanut by-products are produced from crush peanut processes and harvested peanut, including peanut meal, peanut skin, peanut hull and peanut vine. Some of peanut by-products/waste materials could possibility be used in food processing industry, The by-products of peanut contain many functional compounds, such as protein, fiber and polyphenolics, which can be incorporated into processed foods to serve as functional ingredients. This paper briefly describes various peanut by-products produced, as well as current best recovering and recycling use options for these peanut byproducts. Materials, productions, properties, potential applications in food manufacture of emerging materials, as well as environmental impact are also briefly discussed.

Keywords

Peanut meal Peanut skin Peanut hull Peanut vine Nutritional components 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support of this work by Promotive Research Fund for Excellent Young and Middle-aged Scientists of Shandong Province of China (Grant No. BS2010NY027).

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Copyright information

© Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute Agro-Food Science & Technology, Shandong Academy of Agricultural SciencesJinanChina

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