A preliminary study on physical and mechanical properties of particleboard made from palm oil-treated rubberwood particles

  • Paiman BawonEmail author
  • Seng Hua LeeEmail author
  • Nurul Fatiha Osman
  • Muhamad Suriadi Mohd Atkhar
  • Zaidon Ashaari
Original Article


Treatment with vegetable oils is well known in imparting better dimensional stability to wood and wood-based composites. Oven-dried rubberwood particles were immersed in palm oil for 2 h and soaked in boiling water for 30 min. The re-dried particles were used to fabricate particleboard using 12% urea formaldehyde resin as binding agent. The particleboard was hot-pressed at 180 °C for 4.5 min. Physical properties such as thickness swelling (TS) and water absorption (WA) were determined. Meanwhile, mechanical properties including bending and internal bonding strength (IB) were evaluated. The results revealed that, in comparison with untreated particleboard, the treated particleboard exhibited better TS and WA. However, lower bending and IB strength were recorded as the increased hydrophobicity of the oil-soaked particles influenced the binding performance of the particleboard adversely. Further study is needed in reducing the amount of oils retained in the particles to ensure better binding performance.


Particleboard Oil treatment Palm oil Rubberwood 



The authors wish to thank for the financial support provided by Geran Putra (GP) GP/2017/9575500 and Higher Institution’s Centre of Excellence (HICoE), Project Number 6369107.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Wood Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paiman Bawon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Seng Hua Lee
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nurul Fatiha Osman
    • 1
  • Muhamad Suriadi Mohd Atkhar
    • 1
  • Zaidon Ashaari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest Production, Faculty of ForestryUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest ProductsUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia

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