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Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 30–35 | Cite as

Incidental Detection of Carcinoma Gall Bladder in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Specimens: A Thirteen Year Study of 23 Cases and Literature Review

  • Hanni V Gulwani
  • Suneeta Gupta
  • Sukhpreet Kaur
Original Article

Abstract

Carcinoma of gall bladder is the most common malignancy of the biliary tract worldwide and is usually associated with poor prognosis. In this era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, there has been increase in detection of early stage incidental gall bladder carcinoma in cholecystectomy specimens. A retrospective study was carried out in tertiary care hospital in central India. A total of 2990 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy during the year 2001–2013. Hospital records and histopathology reports of these patients were studied in detail. Twenty three cases of gall bladder carcinoma were detected incidentally accounting for an incidence of 0.76 %. It was more common in females with an M: F ratio of 1:1.9. Mean age of presentation was 57.8 years. Gall stones were present in 22 cases and one patient presented with features of acute cholecystitis. Three patients had associated xanthogranulomatous inflammation and 10 had associated intestinal metaplasia. It is not uncommon to encounter incidental malignancies of gall bladder in laparoscopic cholecystectomy specimens sent to histopathology for presumably benign disease. Histopathology reports must include comments on extent of infiltration, perineural invasion, tumor differentiation and nodal involvement for oncologist information and subsequent management of patients.

Keywords

Incidental Carcinoma Gall bladder 

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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Surgical Oncology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanni V Gulwani
    • 1
  • Suneeta Gupta
    • 1
  • Sukhpreet Kaur
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyBhopal Memorial Hospital and Research CentreBhopalIndia

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