The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 587–592

Dental Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs of Institutionalised Elderly Population in Oldage Homes of Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh, India

Original Article
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Abstract

Oral disorders are cumulative throughout life and hence unfavourable outcomes are likely to be greatest among the elderly. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized geriatric population in old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh, to assess their prosthetic status and prosthetic needs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in all the four old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh state, India. All residents aged 60 years and above formed the study population. The recording of prosthetic status and prosthetic needs was carried out according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Oral Health Assessment Form (1997). A total of 224 individuals were included in the study of which 123 were females and 101 were males. Seventy five percent of the females and 55 % of the males had no prostheses in their upper arch and 61 % of the females and 76 % of the males had no prostheses in their lower arch. More number of males presented with ‘Bridges’ in their upper arch when compared to females (P value = 0.006). Highest prosthetic need in males was multi-unit prosthesis (42 % in upper arch and 41 % in lower arch) whereas, females’ required full prosthesis (39 % in both the upper arch and lower arches). Ageing presents some formidable challenges, particularly with the institutionalised. This study clearly demonstrates a high insufficiency of prosthetic care among the institutionalized elderly population. Any preparation towards the provision of oral health care should not be limited to treatment alone but, more importantly focus on empowering this elderly community with information and education programmes.

Keywords

Dental prosthetic status Prosthetic need Geriatric home Edentulous 

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Copyright information

© Indian Prosthodontic Society 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ProsthodonticsHitkarini Dental College & HospitalJabalpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Public Health DentistryHitkarini Dental College & HospitalJabalpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Pedodontics and Preventive DentistryModern Dental College and HospitalIndoreIndia
  4. 4.JabalpurIndia

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