The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 546–550 | Cite as

Evaluation of Dimensional Stability and Accuracy of Autoclavable Polyvinyl Siloxane Impression Material

  • Subash M. ReddyEmail author
  • D. Vijitha
  • S. Karthikeyan
  • R. Balasubramanian
  • A. Satish
Original Article


Dimensionally stable autoclavable impressions will be effective in controlling the cross-infection and contamination caused by patient’s saliva and other oral secretions. The accuracy of newly introduced autoclavable polyvinyl siloxane impression material was assessed for its dimensional stability and accuracy. A standard metal model (Dentoform, U-501, Columbia) was customised for impression making. The impressions were made using the newly introduced polyvinyl siloxane impression materials (AFFINIS, Coltene/Whaledent AG, 9450 Alstalten, Switzerland). Fifty impressions were made and were divided into two groups A and B of 25 each. Group A was the control sample (non-autoclaved impressions) and group B was the test sample (autoclaved impressions), which was subjected to the steam autoclave procedure at 134 °C for 18 min, casts were poured in type IV gypsum products. The customised metal model, casts obtained from control and test group were subjected to laboratory evaluation with help of a travelling microscope (×10 magnification), and digital vernier calliper (0.01 mm/10 μm accuracy). Data analysis was done using one-way ANOVA and One-Sample t test to evaluate the overall accuracy (P < 0.005). As a result, there was an average reduction of 0.016 μm in overall dimension between the test and the control group when compared with the master model, which is not statistically or clinically significant. The newly introduced polyvinyl siloxane impression material is accurate and dimensional stable for clinical use when steam autoclaved at 134 °C for 18 min.


Autoclavable impressions Polyvinyl siloxane Sterilization of impression 


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Copyright information

© Indian Prosthodontic Society 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subash M. Reddy
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Vijitha
    • 1
  • S. Karthikeyan
    • 1
  • R. Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • A. Satish
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prosthodontics, Rajah Muthaiah Dental College & HospitalAnnamalai UniversityChidhambaramIndia

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