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Development and Validation of a Mexican Version of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for Breast Cancer Screening

  • Dehisy Marisol Juárez-GarcíaEmail author
  • Iliana Azeneth Valenciano-Salas
  • Manuel de Jesús García-Solís
  • Arnoldo Téllez
Article
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Abstract

Although the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for breast cancer screening has been adapted and validated in different populations worldwide, a Spanish version for the Latin American population is still not available. The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for mammograms for use with Mexican women and determine the sociodemographic, clinical, and health belief model variables which influence undergoing a mammogram. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was designed. Participants included 612 women aged 40 years and above who attended a public tertiary hospital. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted, from which six factors with adequate loadings were obtained. In addition, Cronbach’s alpha was used to obtain a reliability coefficient of 0.68–0.94. To obtain criterion validity, a binary logistic regression analysis was conducted, with the mammogram being the dependent variable and sociodemographic, clinical, and health belief model dimensions being the predictors; perceived benefits was the variable that most influenced the obtaining of mammography. This Spanish version of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale for breast cancer screening for Mexican women was found to be valid and reliable, which means it could be a useful tool in identifying beliefs surrounding breast cancer screening.

Keywords

Breast cancer screening Health beliefs model Validation Reability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Foundation AVON Crusade against breast cancer.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Research Involving Human Participants and/or Animals

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

This article did not involve any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dehisy Marisol Juárez-García
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Iliana Azeneth Valenciano-Salas
    • 2
  • Manuel de Jesús García-Solís
    • 3
  • Arnoldo Téllez
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Research and Development in Health Sciences, Health Psychology Unit.Autonomous University of Nuevo LeonMonterreyMexico
  2. 2.Psychology SchoolAutonomous University of Nuevo LeonSan Nicolás de los GarzaMexico
  3. 3.Metropolitan Hospital “Bernardo Sepulveda”San Nicolás de los GarzaMexico

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