Preventing Skin Cancer Among Staff and Guests at Seaside Hotels
Beach users and outdoor workers in resort areas are major risk groups for skin cancer, and therefore seaside hotels constitute a strategic area in which to conduct awareness-raising campaigns and interventions. The main aim of the present study is to describe habits, attitudes and knowledge related to sun exposure, the sunburn events experienced and potentially malignant skin lesions observed among hotel staff and guests recruited during a skin cancer prevention campaign at seaside hotels in the western Costa del Sol (southern Spain). This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at four seaside hotels in the western Costa del Sol. An 8-day awareness-raising campaign on skin cancer was conducted for hotel guests and staff, who were invited to complete a questionnaire about their habits, attitudes and knowledge regarding photoprotection, and to receive a comprehensive skin examination. The questionnaire on habits, attitudes and knowledge related to sun exposure was completed by 542 participants. The most common photoprotection practice was the use of sunglasses (79.3%). Potentially dangerous lesions were identified in 39 persons (14%). In addition, 94.0% reported having gained new knowledge, 89.6% had changed their attitudes towards sun tanning and 94.7% intended to improve their photoprotection practices in the future. Seaside hotels are an optimal scenario for conducting studies aimed at skin cancer prevention and reduction. Further studies should be carried out in other geographical areas to confirm our results, to evaluate the costs and benefits of such interventions and determine their long-term impact on health.
KeywordsPrevention Skin cancer Photoprotection Hotels Beach Sun
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Costa del Sol Hospital. Participation was voluntary, and signed informed consent for inclusion in the study was obtained from all participants. All questionnaires were processed anonymously, in strict accordance with current data protection legislation (Act 15/1999 of 15 December; Act 41/2002 of 14 November).
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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